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lit terms

allusion a reference to something that is well-known
analogy a comparison showing partial similarity
antagonist the character that opposes the hero; villain
autobiography a biography of a person narrated by himself
bias a personal and sometimes unreasoned judgement; favoring one side
bibliography the works or a list of the works referred to in a text
cause/effect something or someone that brings about a particular result, and the result of that action or event; a text structure
character a person or animal represented in or acting in a story, drama, etc.
cliche' a trite or overused expression
climax the highest point of tension or turning point
compare/contrast showing how something is alike or different
comprehension understanding
conclusion the ending; resolution; denouement
conflict a problem that adds to the dramatic action
connotation the emotional association associated to a word
context clues information from the text that helps the reader understand
crisis a point at which significant change occurs
denotation dictionary definition
description gives a picture of a character or event
dynamic character a character marked by usually continuous and productive activity or change
expository text a piece of writing that explains or informs
falling action the events following the climax
flashback the narrative shifts to an earlier time to introduce information
flat character one that represents a single trait; a stereotype
fluency able to express oneself readily and effortlessly
foreshadowing clues about coming events
hyperbole intentional exaggeration
idiom an expression that does not mean what it literally says
imagery a set of mental pictures or images; the use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions or ideas
inference coming to logical conclusions based on what is known
irony the difference between what is expected and what actually happens
irrelevancy unrelated to the matter at hand
jargon speech or writing relating to something specific; usually confusing; i.e. medical jargon
main idea the chief topic
metaphor a comparison without using like or as
mood the authors attitude
narrative a story
onomatopoeia words that sound like their meanings
overstatement to state in too strong terms, exaggerate
paradox an apparently contradictory statement that suggests a truth
parallel episode a happening in a story that occurs simultaneously with the main plot; subplot
paraphrase put it in your own words
personification the act of giving non-human things human characteristics
persuasive text writing that seeks to convince the reader of something
plagiarism stealing another's work and passing it off as your own
point of view the standpoint from which the actions are related
prefix an affix attached to the beginning of a word
primary source firsthand testimony
propaganda writing that directly advocates a certain belief as the solution to some social or political problem
protagonist the leading character
relevancy relation to the matter at hand
resolution the outcome
restatement to state again in another way
rising action from the exposition to the climax
round character a complex character
satire literature that ridicules with the purpose of bringing about changes
secondary source published works by someone who was not there
sequence order of events
simile comparison using like or as
static character a character that does not change
stereotype treating a character as identified with a group
structural analysis explaining and understanding literature and how it is written
subplots a subordinate plot
summarize to cover the main points succinctly
supporting details small pieces of info that assist the reader in seeing the whole idea or concept
symbolism using something to represent something else
technical text nonfiction writing that describes how to do a task
theme a central idea
thesis a statement that must be proved
tone the author's attitude toward the story or the reader
topic a subject
text features graphic features in writing; italics, titles, graphs
Created by: juliespieth