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hazard anything dangerous
precaution something done to prevent an accident
conservation the careful use and protection of natural resources
recycle to reuse
scientific method the way scientists learn about the world around them
hypothesis a prediction about what will happen
variable the part that is different, it is the part that is being tested
testable if you can observe it and measure it in some way it is this-
control the part or parts of an experiment that are the same
observation you can make these with your senses
procedures step by step plan
data information that is collected
mass grams are used to measure this-
volume liters are used to measure this-
distance a meter is used to measure this-
kilogram this is 1000 grams
symmetry when both sides are mirror images (they are the same on both sides)
line graph this graph shows data that changes-
circle graph this graph compares a part to the whole thing
conclusion the last part of the scientific method that answers the question you started with (what you learned)
trial a single complete investigation
buoyancy the upward push of a liquid or a gas on an object
meter Used to measure distance
gram used to measure mass
liter used to measure volume
celsius used to measure temperature
kiloliter 1000 liters makes one-
centimeter 10 millimeters make one-
kilometer equal to 1000 m
horizontal axis the line on a graph that goes from side to side
vertical axis the line on a graph that goes up and down on the side
meter there are 100 centimeters in one-
kilo this prefix means 1000
viscosity the resistance of a fluid
mixture a collection of materials in which the materials do not join together
solution a type of mixture in which the substances mix or dissolve so evenly you can't tell them apart
soluble capable of being dissolved
orbit a curved path around an object
Mercury planet closest to the sun
Venus Almost the same size as Earth
Earth The only planet with life on it
Mars the 4th planet
Jupiter The largest planet
Ceres Largest Asteroid in the asteroid belt
Saturn Comes after Jupiter
Uranus Between Saturn and Neptune
Neptune Between Uranus and Pluto
Charon Goes around Pluto
Eris Past Pluto
Sun in the center of the solar system
iron a magnet will stick to this metal
solubility Because salt will dissolve in water it has this trait
liquid the state of matter that takes the shape of its container and has a definite volume
gas the state of matter that has no definite volume and expands to fill its container
solid has a definite shape and volume
matter anything that has mass and takes up space
conductor allows electricity to flow through it
insulator will not allow electricity to flow through it
copper a metal that will not stick to a magnet
density mass / volume
100 boiling in celsius
0 freezing in celsius
212 boiling in fahrenheit
32 freezing in fahrenheit
current the flow of charges through a circuit
electromagnet a magnet made by wrapping a wire around a piece of iron and attaching to an electrical source like a battery
energy the ability to cause change or make something happen
force a push or a pull
parallel an electric circuit in which each device has it own separate lookloop
series an electric circuit where the device are connected in one straight loop
365 how many days it takes earth to revolve around the sun once
24 how many hours it takes earth to rotate once on its axis
29 approximately how long in days it takes the moon to go through its phases once
sedimentary rock a rock fromed when sediments are pressed together
sediment bits of rock, sand, shell, and the remains of organismsmagma
magma melted rock below earth's surface
igneous rock a rock formed from coooled lava
metamorphic rock rock that is fromed when another kind of rock is squeezed and heated deep inside earth
fossil the remains of an organism that lived long ago
function a job that something does
inertia the tendency of an object at rest to remain at rest or of a moving object to keep moving
kinetic energy the energy of motion
concave lens when the surface of the lens curves in on both sides
convex when the surface of the lens curves out on both sides
acceleration change in an object's speed
biomass fuel that comes from plants and animals
inner core the very center of earth
the crust earth's outer layer
fault a crack in earth's crust
fossil fuel a fuel formed from the decayed remains of ancient plants and animals
fuel a material burned to produce heat energy
geothermal energy heat from melted rock deep below earth's surface used to heat buildings and produce electricity
hydroelectricty electricity that is produced from flowing water like that moving through a dam
anemometer If Mary wants to know how fast the wind is blowing she should use a
continent an enormous slowly moving landmass that floats on Earth's surface
cirrus a high feathery cloud made of ice crystals
cold front the leading edge of a moving mass of cooler air
fog a cloud that forms next to the ground
glacier a large body of moving ice that stays frozen all year
humidity You would use a hygrometer to measure this
ozone a layer of gas high in earth's atmosphere that blocks some of the harmful radiation from the sun
precipitation any form of water that falls from the sky
plate a huge piece of earth's crust
cumulonimbus huge thunderclouds
cumulus puffy, white fair weather clouds
stratus cloud flat, gray low
barometer measures air pressure
wind vane measures wind direction
rain gauge how much it has rained in a given period of time
warmer at the equator is it warmer or cooler
runoff when water gathers and comes down a mountain or hill
condensate when water in a cloud turns into liquid
evaporated when the sun heats up water and turns it into a gas it has ______________it
transpiration when water leaves a plants leaves and enters the atmosphere
seven how many continents there are
Created by: kemberlian

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