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6th Grade Ch 3

Seedless & Seed Plant characteristics

Plants are commonly classified into two major groups based on their internal structures. These two groups are ____________ and __________. vascular and nonvascular
________ plants are the largest group in the Plant Kingdom. Vascular
Vascular plants have a well-developed system for _________ water and food. transporting
Vascular plants have true ___, ____, and ____. roots, stems, and leaves.
Tube-like structures in vascular plants provide ______. support
Xylem transports water and minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant.
Phloem transports food from the leaves to the rest of the plant.
___ and ____ are examples of vascular plants with woody stems. trees and shrubs
___________ stems are soft and flexible like grass and tomato plants. herbacious
_________ plants do no have true roots, stems, and leaves because they lack a well developed system for transporting materials. nonvascular
Nonvascular plants must obtain nutrients directly from the __________ and distribute them from cell to ____ throughout the plant. environment; cell
_____ plants are very small in size. nonvascular
Mosses, liverworts, and hornworts are examples of ___________ plants. nonvascular
Seed-producing plants plants that reproduce through seeds.
Seed plants make their own ____. seeds
Seeds contain the plant _____,stored _______, and are surrounded by a seed ____. embryo; food; coat
The two major groups of seed-producing plants cone-bearing plants and flowering plants
Spore-producing plants plants that produce spores for reproduction instead of seeds.
Spores are much ______ than seeds. smaller
Almost all flowerless plants produce _____. spores
Mosses and ferns are examples of __________ plants. seedless
Flowering plants grow their seeds inside an ovary, which is embedded in a flower.
The flower becomes a ________ containing the seeds. fruit
Most __________ plants are evergreen with needle-like leaves. cone-bearing
Conifers never have flowers but produce seeds in _________. cones
Monocot has one cotyledon, long narrow leaves with parallel veins, petals in multiples of three, and vascular tissue scattered throughout the stem.
Dicot has two cotyledons, has petals in multiples of 4 or 5, leaves that are wide with branching veins, and vascular tissue arranges in a cirlce within the stem.
Leaves function as the site of photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration in plants.
Stems support the plant and hold the leaves up to the light. Stems also function as food storage sites.
Roots help anchor the plant in the ground.
Created by: Ms. Phillips