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TL Terms

Musculoskeletal terms

Define arthrocentesis a surgical procedure using sterile technique to remove fluid from a joint for pain relief or for examination
Define arthrogram injection of contrast media into a joint cavity and series of x-rays to examine joint structure
Define arthroscopy a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint to examine internal structures
Define Bouchard’s nodes raised boney growths over proximal interphalangeal joints of the hand in osteoarthritis (Heberden’s nodes are more common)
Define cancellous bone spongy bone
Define compact bone densely structured bone
Define compartment syndrome circulation to a compartment is impaired due to excessive pressure against non-elastic fascia resulting in tissue death and injury
What is normal tissue pressure? between 10 and 20mmHg
How high does pressure get in compartment syndrome in excess of 30mmHg
Define countertraction a force pulling in the opposite direction of traction to keep the client from sliding down in bed
Define Crepitation sound of rice crispies being crushed caused by air entering subcutaneous tissue or by spinters of a fracture or rough joint surfaces rubbing against other structures
Define degenerative joint disease slowly progressive degradation of articulating joints (especially weight bearing) primarily affecting middle aged to older adults
Define gout metabolic disorder characterized by elevated uric acid levels in the blood resulting in urate crystals in synovial fluid/joints (especially big toe)
Define Heberden’s nodes raised bony growths over the distal interphalangeal joints that occur frequently in osteoporosis especially in women
Define internal fixation the surgical implantation of an immobilizing device to realign a fracture
Define laminectomy a surgical incision of lamina primarily to relieve symptoms related to an intervertebral disc
Define Osteitis deformans (Paiget’s disease) a chronic skeletal bone disease that results in enlarged and deformed bones
Define osteomyelitis infection in the bone, acute or chronic, usually by staphylococcus aureus
Define osteoporosis disease characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue resulting in fragile bones
What is the name for the stretching or tearing of a ligament? sprain
What is the name for the stretching or tearing of a muscle? strain
Define traction direct pulling force applied to align a fractured extremity