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APES Laws/Treaties 6

Lytle APES Laws and Treaties - Fisheries and Waterways

Coastal Zone Management Act (1972) Allows for the protection of United States coastal zones from environmentally harmful overdevelopment.Federal monies are given to participating coastal states to be used to conserve coastal areas.
Fisheries Conservation and Management Act (1976) Allows for the management and control of U.S. Marine fishery populations,with the goals of maintaining and restoring population levels to healthy numbers and avoiding overharvesting. This law is also known as the Magnuson-Stevens Act.
Marine Mammal Protection Act (1972) Seeks to protect whales, dolphins, seals, manatees, and other species of marine mammals, many of which remain threatened or endangered. Requires wildlife agencies to review any activity that has the potential to “harass” or kill these animals in the wild.
Ocean Dumping Act See the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA)
Rivers and Harbors Act (1899) Requires Congressional approval before building a dam,bridge, pier, wharf,jetty, or dike in or over a waterway. Also specifies that a waterway can't be filled,excavated, or altered without fed approval. It's administered by the US Army Corps of Engineers.
Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter, and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing (2009) Attempts to prevent illegally caught fish from entering international markets. Permission to dock is required for foreign vessels, regular inspections are conducted by participating countries, and a network has been created for the sharing of information.
International Whaling Commission (IWC) (1946) Established with the goal of setting annual quotas for whaling to prevent overharvesting. It did'nt work, so in 1970 the US ceased all commercial whaling and banned all imports of whale products. In 1986, the IWC imposed a ban on all commercial whaling.
Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Treaty (1950) Aims to protect and conserve fisheries of the northwest Atlantic Ocean in order to maintain a maximum catch from those fisheries.
Ramsar Convention of Wetlands of International Importance(Ramsar)(1971) Works to preserve wetlands & use their resources sustainably. Under this convention, wetlands include swamps,marshes, lakes,rivers, wet grasslands,peatlands, oases, estuaries, tidal flats, near-shore marine areas,mangroves, coral reefs,& human-made sites.
UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) (1982) Establishes rules for the many uses of the ocean and its resources and addresses multiple issues in the world’s oceans including piracy, navigational rights, economic rights, pollution, scientific research, & preserving marine organisms.
UN Fish Stocks Agreement (UNFSA) (1995) Focuses on the long-term conservation&sustainable use of migratory ocean fisheries. Stresses the precautionary principle & interconnectedness of ecosystems & obligation of nations to monitor fishing activities, pollution and waste in international waters.
Created by: jdlytle