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Greek flashcards

greek vocabulary

mattock a heavy hoe which was the chief-tool of Greek farmers.
drama a serious play or theatrical event.
metics a class of people in Athens who were not citizens.
Helots one of the Spartan slave classes.
city-state a self governing unit made up of a city and its surrounding villages and farmland.
Homer a Greek epic poet and auther of the Iliad and Odyssey.
monarchy a system of goverment in which a monarch - a king, queen, or emperor is the sole and absolute ruler
oligarchy a sysem of government in which a few people rule.
democracy a system of government in which the people rule, either directly or through elected representatives.
tyrant a ruler who has absolute power (not limited by a constitution or by other officals)
polis a city-state in Ancient Greece.
trireme a major sailing vessel powered by three banks of oarsmen.
fresco a painting done on fresh plaster with water colors.
Peloponnesus a hilly major peninsula in Greece.
ostracized shunned, avoided.
oracle places where the god spoke directly to man
phalanx special Greek battle formation where soldiers formed rows, closely pressed together.
philosophy the study of the meaning and knowledge of life.
sophcles a famous Greek writer.
pericles a Greek leader of the Golden Age.
Ionia a group of Greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor.
epic a long poem that tells the story of a hero.
barbarians the name given by the Greeks to any people who were not Greek.
colonies areas set up in conquered lands bby the Greek city states for use when they themselves.
Minoan (min-o-un)- an ancient Cretan civilization.
myths legends or stories that attempt to explain natural events.
Dorians a group that invaded Greece around 1000 B.C
Hellenes the name the Dorians gave themselves.
Acropolis a hilltop fortress in Ancient Athens which included the Parthenon and other famous bubildings where citizens met to discuss affairs of the community.
agora the central marketplace in Ancient Athens and the site of numerous temples and government building.
Created by: :)sydney:)