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greek vocab????

vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
mattock a heavy hoe which was the cheif-tool of greek farmers
drama a serious play or theatrical
metics a class of people in Athens who were not citizens
helots one of the sparton slave classes
city-state a self governing unit made up of a city and its surrounding villages and farmland
homer a greek epic poet and author of the illiad and oddessy
monarchy a system of goverment in which a king, queen, or emporer is the absolute ruler
oligarchy a system of goverment in which few people rule
democracy a system of goverment in which the people rule,either directly or through elected representives
tyrant a ruler who has absolute Powewr
polis a city in anctient greece
trireme a major sailing vessel powered by three banks of oarsmen.
fresco a painting done on fresh plaster with water colors
peloponnesus a hilly major penninsula in greece
ostracized shunned, avoided
oracle places where the gods spoke directly to man
phalanx special greek battle formation where soldiers formed rows closely pressed together
phiosiphy the study of meaning and knowledge of life
Sophocles a famous Greek writer
Pericles a Greek leader of the Golden Age
Ionia a group of greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor
epic a long poem that tells the story of a hero
barbarians the name given by the Greeks to any people who were not greek
colonies areas set up in conquered lands by the greek city states for use when they themselves became overpopulated
Minoan an anctient Cretan civilization
myths legends or stories that attempt to explain natrual events
Dorians a group that invaded Greece around 1000 B.C.
Hellenes the name the Dorians gave themselves
Acropolis a hilltop fortress in anctient Athens which included the Parthenon and other famous buildings where citizens met to discuss affairs of the community
agora the central marketplace in Anctient Athens and the site of numerous temples and govemant buildings
Created by: tarynh