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gigity greek vocab

Ancient Greek Vocab

QuestionAnswer
mattock a heavy hoe which was the cheif tool of greek farmers.
drama a serious play or theatrical event
epic a long poem that tells the story of a hero
barbarians the name given by the greek to any people who were not greek.
colonies areas set up in conquered lands by the greek city states for use when they themselves became overpopulated
minoan (min-o-un)- an ancient Cretan civilization.
myths legends or stories the attempt to explain natural events.
Dorians a group that invaded greece around 1000 B.C
Hellenes the name the Dorians gave themselvs
acropolis a hilltop fortress in ancient Athens which included the Parthenon and other famous buildings where citizens met to dicuss affairs of the community.
agora the central marketplace in ancient Athens and the site of numerous temples and goverment buildings.
metics a class of people in Athens who were not citizens.
helots one of the Spartan slave classes.
city-state a self governing unit made up of a city and it's surrouding villages and farmland
Homer a Greek epic poet and author Iliad and Odyssey.
Monarchy a system of goverment in which a monarch-a king,queen, or emperor is the sole and absolute ruler.
oligarcy a system of goverment in which a few pepole rule.
democracy a system of goverment in which the people rule, either directly or through elected representatives.
tyrant a ruler who has apsolute power (not limited by a consitution or by other officals.)
polis a city-state in ancient Greece.
trireme a major sailing bessel powered by three banks of oarsmen
fresco a painting done on fresh plaster with water colors.
Peloponnesus a hilly major peninsula in Greece.
astracized shunned, avoided.
oracle places where the gods spoke directly to man.
phalanx special Greek battle formation where solders fromred rose,closely pressed together.
philosopy the study of the meaning and knowledge of life.
Sophocles a famous Greek writer.
Pericles a Greek leader of the Golden Age.
Ionia a group of Greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor.
Created by: :)Xaiver:)