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Greek Vocab Georgia


mattock a heavy hoe which was the chief tool of Greek farmers.
drama a serious play or theatrical event.
metric a class of people in Athens who were not citizens.
helots one of the Spartan slave classes.
city-state a self government unit made up of a city and its surroundings villages and farmland.
homer a Greek epic poet and author of the Iliad and odyssey.
oligarchy a system of government in which a few people rule.
monarchy a system of government in which a monarch- a king, queen or emperor is the sole and absolute ruler.
democracy a system of government in which people rule, either directly or through elected representatives.
tyrant a ruler who has absolute power (not limited by a constitution or by other officials)
polis a city-state in ancient Greece.
trireme a major sailing vessel powered by three banks of oarsmen.
fresco a painting done on fresh plaster with water colors.
peloponnesus a hilly major peninsula in Greece.
ostracize shunned, avoided.
oracle places where gods spoke directly to man.
phalanx special Greek battle formation where soldiers formed rows, closely together.
philosophy the study of the meaning and knowledge of life.
Sophocles a famous Greek writer.
Pericles a Greek leader of the golden age.
Ionia a group of Greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor.
epic a long poem that tells the story of a hero.
barbarians the name given by the Greeks to any people who were not Greek.
colonies areas set up in conquered lands by the Greek city sates for use when they themselves became overpopulated.
Minoan An ancient Cretan civilization
myths legends or stories that attempt to explain natural events
Dorian a group that invented Greece in about 1000 B.C.
Hellenes The name that the Dorian's gave themselves.
Acropolis a hilltop fortress in ancient Athenes which included the Parthenon and other famous buildings where citizens met to discuss affairs of the community.
Agora the central marketplace in ancient Athenes and the site of numerous temples and government buildings.
Created by: georgiaw