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greek vocab harris


epic a long poem that tells the story of a hero
barbarians a name given by the greeks to any people who were not greek
colonies areas set up in conquered lands by the greek city states for use when they themselves became overpopulated
minoan (min-o-un) an ancient Cretan civilization
myths legends or stories that attempt to explain natural events
dorians a group that invaded greece at around 1000 B.C.
hellenes the name the dorians grave themselves
acropolis a hiltop fortress in ancient athens which included the parthenon and other famous buildings where citizens met to discuss affairs of the community
agora the central marketplace in ancient athens and the site numerous temples and government buildings
nattock a heavy hoe which was the chief-tool of greek farmers
drama a serious play or theatrical event
metics a class of people in athens who were not citizens
helots one of the spartan slave classes
city state a system of government in which a monarch-a king'qween or emperor is the sole and absolute ruler
homer a greek epic poet and autherof the iliad and odyssey
monarchy a system of gov. in which a monarch a king a qween or emperor is the sole and absolute ruler
oligarchy a system of gov. in which a few people rule
democracy a system of gov. in which the people rule either directly or through elected representatives
tyrant a ruler who has absolute power(not limited by a constitution or by other officials)
polis a city in ancient greece
trireme a major sailing vessel powered by three banks of oarsmem
fresco a painting done on fresh plaster with water colors
peolponnesus h hilly major peninsula in greece
osracized shunned avoided
oracle places where the gods spoke directly to man
phalanx special greek battle formation where soldiers formed rows closely pressed together
philosophy the study of the meaning and knowledge of life
sophocles a famous greek writer
pericles a greek leader of the golden age
ionia a group of greek cities on the coast of asia minor
Created by: haidee sinks


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