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Intro to Court


The numerous public agencies involved in implementing public policy concerning crime Criminal Justice System
Makes the Law Legislative
Enforce the Law Executive
Interpret Law Judicial
Body of rules Law
General Law as opposed to special law - created by the courts Common Law
2 sides can tell their stories Adversary System
first document that establishes the underlying principals and general laws of nation or state The Constitution
Laws enacted by federal and state legislatures Statutory law
The power of a court to decide a dispute Jurisdiction
Particular location or area in which a court having a geographical jurisdiction may hear a case Venue
Trial courts of limited or special jurisdiction are restricted to hearing a limited category of cases,misdeamonors and civil suits involving small sums of money Subject-Matter Jurisdiction
A courts power over an individual person or corporation Personal Jurisdiction
Differences in the courts' functions and responsibilities Hierarchical Jurisdiction
The court has the authority to try a case and decide it Original Jurisdiction
The court has the power to review cases that have already been decided by another court Appellate Jurisdiction
Has original jurisdiction Arraigns the defendant, conducts the trial and if defendant found guilty , imposes sentencing Trial court
Do not hear testimonies from witnesses, conduct trials, or use juries Appellate Court
Court order that temporarily suspends activity in a case Stay
Created by: debrahollins11