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Chapter 1 Terms

Paramedic Practice Today - Chapter 1 Terms

Acceptance A grief stage in which the individual has come to terms with the reality of his or her (or a loved one's) imminent death.
Addiction The involvement in a repetitive behavior (gambling, substances, etc.). In physical addiction the individual has become dependent on an external substance and develops physical withdrawal symptoms if the substance is unavailable.
Addictive behavior The involvement in repetitive behavior such as gambling or substance abuse.
Alarm reaction The body's autonomic, sympathetic nervous system response to stimuli designed to prepare the individual to fight or flee.
Anger A stage in the grieving process in which the individual is upset by the stated future loss of life.
Anxiety The sometimes vague feeling of apprehension, uneasiness, dread, or worry that often occurs without a specific source or cause identified. It is also a normal response to a perceived threat.
Bargaining A stage of the grieving process. The individual may attempt to "cut a deal" with a higher power to accomplish a specific goal or task.
Burnout Exhaustion to the point of not being able to perform one's job effectively.
Circadian A daily rhythmic activity cycle based on 24-hour intervals or events that occur at approximately 24-hour intervals, such as certain physiologic occurences.
Circadian Rhythm The 24-hour cycle that relates to work and rest time.
Clean To wash with soap and water.
Denial A common defense mechanism that presents with feelings of disbelief, such as "no, that can't be right" when a life-threatening or terminal diagnosis is received; one of the stages of the grief response.
Depression A stage in the grieving process characterized by sorrow and lack of interest in the things that produce pleasure and other signs and symptoms seen in depression from other causes.
Disinfect To clean with an agent that should kill many of, or most, surface organisms.
Distress Stress that is perceived as negative; it may be seen as physical or mental pain or suffering.
Eustress Stress that occurs from events, people, or influences that are perceived as good or positive. Eustress can increase productivity and performance.
Exhaustion That last stage of the stress response and the body's inability to respond appropriately to subsequent stressors.
Exhaustion Stage Occurs when the body's resistance to a stressors (decreased reaction to the stress, tolerance) and the ability to adapt fail; ability to respond appropriately to other stressors may then fail; immune system can be affected, the individual may be at risk.
Exposure When blood or body fluids come in contact with eyes, mucous membranes, nonintact skin, or through a needle stickl it also can occur through inhalation and ingestion.
Incubation period The time between exposure to a disease pathogen and the appearance of the first signs or symptoms.
Personal protective equipment (PPE) Equipment used to protect personnel and includes items such as gloves, eyewear, masks, respirators, and gowns.
Resistance The amount of weight moved or lifted during isotonic exercise.
Resistance Stage The stage of the stress response in which the specific stimulus no longer elicits an alarm reaction.
Standard Precautions Infection control practices in health care designed to be observed with every patient and procedure and prevent the exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
Sterilize To kill all microorganisms.
Stress Mental, emotional, or physical pressure, strain, or tension resulting from stimuli.
Stressor A stimulus that produces stress.
Created by: deratristar