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68wm6 p2 Ped Dru The

Pediatric Drug Therapy

QuestionAnswer
What is the preferred route for administering medication to children? Oral route
The nurse can minimize the problem of an unpleasant-tasting drug by having the child do what? Take drug through a straw to minimize the input of the unpleasant smell, which adds to the unpleasantness of oral medications.
What can be applied to the injection site if time permits? EMLA (Eutectic mixture of local anesthetics = lidocaine 2.5% and prilocaine 2.5%)
What is the preferred muscle site for injections in small children and infants? Vastus Lateralis
What needle size should be used for injections in the vastus lateralus? 5/8 - 1 inch
What is the maximum volume to be administered I.M. to the vastus lateralis in infants? 0.5ml or less
What is the maximum volume to be administered I.M. to the vastus lateralis in toddlers? 1ml or less
What is the maximum volume to be administered I.M. to the vastus lateralis in pre-schoolers? 2ml or less
What I.M. injection site is not safe for children under 5yrs of age? Dorsogluteal
What is the volume to be administered I.M. to the Dorsogluteal region? 1.5mL - 2mL
What needle size should be used for injections in the Dorsogluteal region? 1/2 - 1 1/2 inch
What I.M. site has a more rapid absorption rate than the gluteal regions? Deltoid
What needle size should be used for injections in the Deltoid region? 1/2 - -1 inch
What is the volume to be administered subcutaneously? 0.5mL or less
Where are intradermal injections given? Ventral forearm
The nurse explains that for stability of the IV insertion site in an infant younger than 9 months of age, the insertion site is where? A superficial scalp vein is the injection site for administering IV medication to infants younger than 9 months of age
How long must a child be in isolation during Tx of meningitis? The child is isolated until antibiotic therapy has been administered for at least 24 hours
True or False: Opioids are avoided in Tx of children due to their underdevoped bodies risk for addiction. False. The addiction risk is virtually nonexistent in children.
What is the formula used to calculate BSA? Square root of [(weight in KG)x(Height in CM)/3600]
What is the minimum HR to administer Digoxin in infants? 90 BPM
What is the minimum HR to administer Digoxin in children? 70 BPM
Created by: Shanejqb