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Anatomy final j

Anatomy- structure of an organism and its parts.
Physiology- the function of an organist and its parts.
Superior top
Inferior Bottem
Anterior (ventral) top
Posterior (dorsal) back
Proximal Near
Distal Far
medial to the middle
laterial to the sides
frontal (coronal) plane divides front and back
transverse plane upper and lower halves.
mid-saggital equal halves (mirror image)
anatomical compass <<Right ^^superior^^ left>> vv inferior vv
Supine Facing upward
prone facing downward
Break down of the word autopsy auto- self psy- view
autopsy aka- postmortem examination
1st stage of an autopsy 1. The body is examined for abnormalities such as cuts bruises and scars.
2nd stage of an autopsy Ventral body cavity is opened with a "Y" incision, dissection of all or many organs.
3rd stage of an autopsy Microscopic examination of tissue, tests to analyze chemical content of the body.
2 major body cavities ventral- bottom/belly dorsal- brain and spine
thoracic cavity chest
Mediastinum heart trachea blood vessels
Pleural cavity- lungs
Abdominal Pelvic Cavity liver, gallbladder, stomach, spleen, pancreas, intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, reproductive organs.
Axial Region- head neck torso (trunk)
Appendicle Region upper and lower extremities
Created by: bharveyxo3