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Jazz Appreciation 1

Study notes for the first exam of Dr. Scott's class

combo 3-5 people
big band 17-20 people
African Influence emphasis on rhythm
European Influence emphasis on melody, harmony, and form
What two influences blended together to create New Orleans jazz? European and African Influences
congo square A large field in New Orleans where slaves were allowed to gather on Sundays to sing, dance, and play their drums in their traditional native manner
creoles people with Negro and French or Spanish ancestry
Types of music that contributed to jazz field hollers, work songs, minstrels, religion services
first instrumental group marching band
father of blues W.C. Handy
rural jazz Robert Johnson, Bessie Smith, Ma Rainy
urban jazz Bessie Smith, Billie Holiday, Ethal Waters
Ragtime 2-beat (left handed), technical, composed(written), ragged/syncopated melodies, Scott Joplin (Maple Leaf Rag), Jelly Roll Morton
Stride 2 beat, faster => pop melodies, pure improv, Blues Tunes, James P. Johnson, Fats Walter
Boogie Woogie 8 beat ostinato, blues form, improv(right hand), Meade Lux Lewis, Pete Johnson, Jimmy Yancy
syncopation play against the beat; when up beat is accented; accent on the &
Who organized the first jazz band? Buddy Bolden
King Oliver Louis Armstrong mentor
What are trumpet players called? kings
Storyville(1896-1917) district where most entertainment happened
New Orleans Dixieland Jazz Band Instruments cornet, clarinet, trombone, tuba, drums, banjo
Chicago Dixieland Jazz Band Instruments cornet, clarinet, saxophone*, trombone, piano*, guitar*, String rags*, drum set*
Chicago Dixieland 2 beat, faster tempo, intros & exits, pure emphasis on improv solos, louis armstrong
work songs Sung without instrumental accompaniment and were associated with a monotonous regularly recurring physical task (i.e. Juliana Johnson by Ledbelly)
minstrels were performed in blackface and created cartoonish Negro caricatures; would become the most popular form of American stage music
field hollers established communication between american slaves; the bending of a tone comes from field hollers
Buddy Bolden credited with establishing the set instrumentation for marching bands
Chicago Dixieland players Bix Biederbecke, Frankie Trambauer
New Orleans Dixieland players Louis Armstrong, Buddy Bolden, King Oliver, Jelly Roll Morton
2 band styles marching band, big band
Who was TinPan Alley? A music publisher
Created by: taylorann93