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N201: Test I

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
valve that prevents return or backward flow of fluid antireflux valve
removal of substance by suction; breathing of fluids or foods into the trachea and lungs aspiration
a feeding administered into the stomach in large amounts and at designated intervals bolus
a device designed and used for long-term administration of medications and fluids into central veins central venous access device
periodic infusion of feedings given over a short period (8 to 18 hours) cyclic feeding
removal of gastric or intestinal contents to prevent gas and fluid distension (intestinal) decompression
rapid emptying of the stomach contents into the small intestine; causes sweating, weakness and diarrhea dumping syndrome
the first part of the small intestine, which arises from the pylorus of the stomach and extends to the jejunum duodenum
nutritional formula feedings introduced through a tube directly into the GI tract enteral nutrition
surgical creation of an opening into the stomach for the purpose of administering foods and fluids gastrostomy
an oil-in-water emulsion of oils, egg phospholipids, and glycerin intravenous fat emulsion
the insertion or placement of a tube into a body structure or passageway intubation
second portion of the small intestine, which extends from the duodenum to the ileum jejunum
flushing of the stomach with water or other fluids with a gastric tube to clear it lavage
the channel within a tube or catheter lumen
tube inserted through the nose into the proximal portion of the small intestine (ie, duodenum) nasoduodenal tube
tube inserted through the nose into the stomach nasogastric tube
tube inserted through the nose into the second portion of the small intestine (ie, jejunum) nasojejunal tube
tube inserted through the mouth into the stomach orogastric tube
ionic concentration of fluid osmolality
method of supplying nutrients to the body by an intravenous route parenteral nutrition
a feeding tube inserted endoscopically into the stomach percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
a device used for intermediate-term intravenous therapy peripherally inserted central catheter
peripherally inserted central catheter PICC line
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy PEG tube
wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in the alimentary canal peristalsis
the degree of body acidity or alkalinity of a substance or solution pH
can be easily located on an x-ray radiopaque
artificially created opening between a body cavity (eg, intestine) and the body surface stoma
a stiff wire placed in a catheter or other tube that allows the tube to maintain it's shape during insertion stylet
an admixture of lipid emulsions, proteins, carbs, electrolytes, vits., trace mins., and H2O total nutrient admixture
phase of digestive process that occurs when small molecules, vits., and mins. pass through the walls of the small and large intestine and into the bloodstream absorption
absence of peristalsis of the lower esophagus resulting in difficulty swallowing, regurgitation, and sometimes pain achalasia
an enzyme that aids in the digestion of starch amylase
last section of the GI tract; outlet for waste products from the system anus
mixture of food with saliva, salivary enzymes, and gastric secretions that is produced as the food passes through the mouth, esophagus, and stomach chyme
phase of the digestive process that occurs when digestive enzymes and secretions mix with ingested food and when proteins, fats, and sugars are broken down into their component smaller molecules digestion
Created by: lost little girl