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Ecosystems 1

Terrestrial and Aquatic

contains all the living and non-living parts of an area Ecosystems
Ecosystems are made up of all the _______ that live in that area and their nonliving surrounding environment organisms
The ____ and ______ parts of an ecosystem play a role in how the ecosystem function living and non-living
The living parts of the ecosystem biotic factors
The nonliving parts of the ecosystem abiotic factors
Abiotic factors include these five items. the temperature,water, soil, air and sunlight
Everything in an ecosystem including all of the animals, plants, water, soil, air, and sunlight ______ together interact
Land based ecosystems including forest and grasslands Terrestrial
Have many trees (with needles and with leaves), shrubs, grasses,ferns and a variety of animals Forests
Forest usually get ____ rain than grasslands. more
_________ in the forests may vary depending on where the forest is located Temperature
have fertile soil and are covered with tall grasses. Grasslands
Grasslands usually get a ______ amount of rain, but less than forests. medium
Temperature may also very depending on where the grassland is ___ located
Examples of animals that live in the grasslands prairie dogs, bison, and grasshoppers
Water-based ecosystems may be fresh water(lakes and ponds) or saltwater (oceans, estuaries, and saltwater marshes). Aquatic Ecosystems
_____ and ______ are bodies of freshwater that are surrounded by land Lakes and ponds
______ are usually shallower that lakes and the temperature of the water usually stays the same from top to bottom Ponds
_______ and algae usually grow along the edges where the water is shallow. Plants
Examples of animals in lakes and ponds may be diffrent types of ____, _______, ducks,____ or beavers fish, amphibians,turtles
____ are large bodies of saltwater divided by continents Oceans
Oceans have many types of _____ depending on the conditions of that part of the ocean ecosystem
These are conditions of the oceans sunlight, temperature, depth, salinity
Most organisms live where the ocean is ____ because sunlight cannot reach deep and the wat is warm, making food abundant shallow
Drifters in the shallow ocean water are jellyfish or seadweed
Example of swimmers in the shallow ocean water are fish
Crabs are examples of ____ in shallow ocean water crawlers
______ are thoses anchored to the ocean floor. Corals
______ float in the upper regions of the water. Plankton
Some organisms live in the open _____, near the ______ or down to the deep ocean ______. ocean, surface, bottom
These organisms swim to the surface to find food or air. whales, turtles, sharks
These organisms stay and live closer to the bottom of the ocean. certain fish, octopi, tubeworms
_____ are found where the freshwater rivers meet the oceans. Estuaries
Estuaries are _____ than a river, but not as salty as the ocean saltier
The amound of salt (salinity) changes as the ___ comes in and out tides
Estuaries contain salt ____ with grasses and marsh plants adapted to this changing water. marshes
Examples of animals that live in the estuaries/salt marshes may be crabs, shrimp, blue heron, egrets and muskrats
Created by: soniamoss