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7th Grade test cells

QuestionAnswer
Inorganic does not contain carbon
Interphase longest part of the cell cycle DNA replicates and the cell prepares to divides
Active Transport energy is needed to move substances into or out of the cell
Anaphase Chromosomes separate and move toward end of spindle.
Lipids fats, store energy for later use
Metaphase chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Atom basic part of an element
ATP form of energy released during respiration
Autotroph makes its own food
Carbohydrates energy rich organic molecules (sugar and starch)
Cell cycle life cycle of a cell
Centriole forms end of spindle during mitosis
Centromere holds chromatids together
Chlorophyll green pigment in plants
Chloroplast organelle that stores chlorophyll
Chromatid single strands held together by a centromere
Chromosome contains genetic information, made of DNA
Compound made up of two or more elements that are chemically combined
Concentration the amount of substance in a solution
Cytokinesis when a cell splits into two after mitosis
Daughter cells new cell resulting from mitosis, identical to parent
DNA molecules that make up chrosomes
Element pure substance; cannot be broken down into simpler substances For example, Oxygen and hydrogen
Enzymes chemicals that speed up chemical reactions
Fermentation energy releasing process - may produce alcohol of lactic acid
Glucose (C6,H12,O6) Sugar produced during photosynthesis
Heterotroph eats other things for food. For example, humans
Impermeable when membrane acts a barrier to substances
Mitosis process of cell division
Molecule smallest part of a compound
Nitrogen Bases A, T, G, C make up the rungs of the DNA
Organic contains carbon
Passive transport no energy needed to move substances in or out of the cell
Parent cells starting cell in mitosis
Permeable allow substances to pass freely through
Photosynthesis energy storing process (energy from the sun in stored in glucose)
Pigment colored substance. For example, chlorophyll absorbs light
Products Substances produced by chemical reactions
Prophase first phase of mitosis - Nucleus breaks down; spindle forms
Protein make up cell parts - form enzymes are organic compounds
Reactants the ingredient or raw materials for a reaction
Replication process in which DNA copies itself
Respiration energy releasing process- uses 02 to release energy from glucose
Selectively permeable allow something to pass through, but not others
Spindle during mitosis, chromosomes attach to it
Stomata openings on under side of leaf
Telephase phase of mitosis in which the nuclear membrane reappears
Created by: mtmscomplab
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