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Oceanography

Earth Science-Oceanography

QuestionAnswer
is a science that draws on the methods and knowledge of geology chemistry physics and biology to study all aspects of the world ocean oceanography
is the measurement of ocean depths and the charting of the slope of topography of the ocean floor bathymetry
is an acronym for sound navigation and ranging sonar
is a small underwater craft use for deep sea research submersible
the ocean basin floor and the mid ocean ridge continental margins
is the gently sloping submerged surface extending from the shoreline continental shelf
is the making of the seeward edge of the continental shelf continental slope
are cut into the continental slope submarine canyon
are occasionsl movements of dense sediment rich water down the continental slope turbidity currents
the steep continental slope merges continental rise
continental margin and mid ocean ridge basin floor
are deep extremely flat features abyssal plains
the submerged volcanic peaks that dot the ocean floor seamounts
occurs at a divergent plate boundary where two lithospheric plates are moving apart seafloor spreading
is sediment that originates on land terrigenous sediment
is sediment that is biologic in origin biogenous sediment
produced from the calcium carbonat shells of organisms calcareous ooze
mineral that crystallize directly from ocean water through varius chemicals reactions hydrogenous sediment
compact chemical structures made of water and natural gas gas hydrates
are hard lumps of manganese and other metals that preticipitate around a smaller object manganese nodules
total amount of solid material dissolved in water salinity
is the layer of ocean water between 300 meters and 1000 meters where there is a rapid change of temp with depth thermocline
mass per unit volume density
organisms such as algae animals bacteria that drift with ocean currents plankton
alage that undergo photophysis phytoplankton
animal plankton zooplankton
animals capable of moving independently of the ocean currents nekton
organisms living on or in ocean bottom benthos
production of organisms compounds from inorganic substances through photosynthesis or chemosynthesis primary productivity
use of light/energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into energy rich glucose molecules photosynthesis
is the process by which certain microorganisms create organic molecules from inorganic nutrients using chemical energy chemosynthesis
is all sequence of organisms through which energy is transferred starting with the primarily producer food chain
Created by: averyal