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What do you know about Poetry?

Poetry Type of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery to appeal to the readers emotions and imagination.
Lyric Poetry that expresses a speakers emotions or thought and doesn't tell a story.
Sonnet 14 - line lyrics poem, usually written in iambic pentameter.
Narrative Poetry Poetry that tells a story.
Epic Long, narrative poem that relates the great deeds of larger than life hero who embodies the values of society.
Ballad Song or song-like poem that tells a story.
Rhyme Repetition of accented vowel sounds and all the sounds following them in words that are close together in a poem.
End Rhyme When two lines (end words) at the end in poetry rhyme.
Internal Rhyme When words rhyme in a line of poetry.
Alliteration Repetition of initial consonant sounds.
Onomatopoeia Words sound like what they mean.
Diction The writers own choice of words.
Hyperbole Extreme exaggeration.
Imagery descriptive words designed to raw a picture in the author's mind.
Metaphor Comparison between two unlike things without using "like" or "as".
Implied Metaphor Images imply a comparison.
Extended Metaphor Developed over several lines or throughout the entire poem.
Personification Giving human traits to inanimate objects.
Simile Comparing two unlike things using "like" or "as".
Understatement The opposite of exaggeration in which the writer uses a statement in the negative to create the effect. i.e: "I was somewhat worried when the psychopath ran toward me with a chainsaw."
Sensory Details Imagery that appeals to the senses; hearing, smelling, seeing, tasting, touching.
Chorus/ Refrain Repeated words, phrase, line, or group of lines.
Shakespearean Sonnet/ English Sonnet Has 3 quatrains (4-line units) followed by a concluding couplet (2-line unit).
Ode Long, lyrics poem about a serious subject, written in a dignified style.
Consonance A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in the intervening vowels, the final consonant of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowel; i.e: Linger, longer, languor.
Free verse poetry that doesn't have a regular meter or rhyme scheme to apply musical effect, they'll add alliteration, assonance, internal rhyme, and onomatopoeia.
Quatrain 4-line unit in a poem.
Synecdoche a rhetorical device involving a part of an object representing the whole, or the whole of an object representing a part; i.e: "20 eyes watched out every move" -20 disembodied eyes can't watch your every move.
Assonance Repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together. i.e: nIght, tIde, I, lIe, sIde, mY.
Couplet 2 consecutive lines of poetry that form a unit, often emphasized by rhythm or rhyme. i.e: "So call the field to rest, & lets away/ to part the glories of this happy day" - Shakespeare.
Speaker The voice that's talking to us in a poem.
Idiom Expression peculiar to a particular language that means something different from the literal meaning. i.e: To fall in love" -you can't really fall in love, that'd be absurd.
Created by: alyssakristine85