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Chapter 5

energy the aability to cause change
kinetic energy is energy due to motion
potential energy is stored energy due to the interactions between objects or particles
gravitational potentail energy energy stored between an object and Earth depends on the objects weight and height
elastic potential energy energy stored in objects that are compressed or stretched, such as spring or rubber band
chemical potential energy is energy stored in the chemical bonds between atoms
work is the transfer of energy that occurs when a force is aplied over a distance
mechanical energy the total energy of an object or froup of objects due to large-scale motions and interactions
sound energy the energy that sound carries
thermal energy energy due to the motion of particles that make up an object
electric energy is the energy that an electric current carries
radiant energy the energy electromagnetic waves carry
nuclear energy energy that is stored in the nucleus of an atom
Example of mechanical energy the mechanical energy of a basketball increases when a player shoots the basketball
Example of sound energy when you pluck a guitar string the string vibrates and produces sound
example of thermal energy when you heat objects, you transfer thermal energy to those objects from their surroundings. **fire**
ecample of electric energy and electric fan
example of radiant energy sun gives off energy that travels to Earth as electomagnect waves **light waves, microwaves, and radio waves***
example of nuclear energy the sun, nuclear energy is released when nuclei join toghter.
law of conservation energy can be transferred from one form into another, but energy cannot be created or destroyed.
nonrenewable energy resource ia an energy that is abailbale in limited amounts or that is used faster than it is replaced in nature
fossil fuels are the remains of ancient organisms that can be burned as an energy source
what are some fossil fuels coal, petroleum, and natural gases
Created by: woodm