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A&P II final study

Anatomy and physiology

what are the forces responsible for normal inspiration Atmospheric pressure due to weight of the air is the force that moves air into the lungs
What are the forces responsible for normal expiration force responsible is from elastic recoil of lung tissues and from surface tension
What is the function of iron enables hemoglobin molecules in red blood cells to carry oxygen
What is the function of calcium structure of bones and teeth
what is the function of phosphorus metabolic reactions
what is the function of potassium maintains osmotic pressure and regulate pH
what is the function of sulfur amino acids, thiamine, insulin and biotin
what is the function of sodium osmotic pressure and regulate water movement
what is the function of Chlorine osmotic pressure, regulate pH
What is the function of magnesium metabolic reaction
in a typical U.S. diet how much of the percentage of total body image is supplied by carbohydrates 50%
The American heart association recommends what percentage of calories of a person's diet should be derived from fat and protein 30%
The amounr off oxygen released from oxyhemoglobinincreases when carbon dioxide concentration increases 75%
what is the first event in inspiration atmospheric pressure due to the weight of the air
The renal corpuscle is composed of what filtering unit with blood capillaries (glamorous) and a surrouding thin walled saclike structure called glomerular capsule
What is urine composed of 95% water and contains urea and uric acid and may have a trace of amino acids and elctrolytes
What happens if the arteriole that supplies the blood to the glomerulus becomes constricted Can result in kidney failure
what is the countercurrent mechanism and where does it primarily function primarily functions in nephron loops, it ensure that the medullary intertitial fluids becomes hypertonic
function of the kidneys main function is to regulate the volume, compostion, and pH of body fluids
An increase in glomerular osmotic pressure in an increase in the rate of what Capillary pressure
what is extra-cellular fluid similiar in composition, high concentration of sodium, chloride, calcium, and bicarbonate ions, and lesser concentration of potassium, magnesium, phosphate, and sodium ions
what is intra-cellular fluid high concentrations of potassium, phosphate, and magnesium ions, greater concentration of sulfate ions and lesser sodium, chloride, and bicarbonare ions. has greater concentration of protein than plasma
What regulates the movement of water and electrolytes between fluid compartments intracellular and extracellular composition
a person in a moderate enviroment probably would lose the greatest amount of water by what means exercise adn lack of hydration
Acid base buffer systems minimize pH changes by what mechanism bicarbonate buffer system, phosphate buffer system, protein buffer system
define the acid base buffers in blood H+ dorps carboxyl group can becoame ionized, releasing hydrogen thus resisting pH change
What are the bronial tree and branches composes of secondary or lobar and bronchi (2 on left and 3 on right) branches: right and left primary bronchi, secondary bronchi, tertiary bronchi, intralobular bronchioles, terminal bronchioles, respiratory bronchioles, aveolar ducts, alveolar sac, aveo
Created by: corton