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Soc 111

Sociology Final

What is Deviance?A relative Violation of norms.
What is Crime When one is deviant to norms that have been written into Laws
What is a stigma? An involuntary act of being deviant or out of the norms. (deaf brother of a rapist etc.)
Differential association Theory Whoever you associate with will determine whether you deviate or conform to norms.
Inner Controls Emotions such as fear, or morals that keep you from deviating.
Outer controls Outer influences that will stop you when you attempt to deviate.
Neutralization Deflecting social norms. Deviating while still claiming to be neutral.
Labeling Theory Focuses on the significance of Reputation
5 ways to be neutral 1)Denial of Responsibility 2)Denial of Injury 3)Denial of a victim (rather an enemy) 4)Condemnation of condemners 5)Appeal to higher Loyalties
3 Ways in which deviance is Funtionalist 1)Deviance clarifies Moral Boundaries 2)Deviance promotes social unity via unity on punishments 3)Promotes social change for the better
Four deviant paths for reaching the COMMON GOALS 1)Innovators (Get to the Top by bad means) 2)ritualism (living the rules but ideals are shattered) 3)retreatism (monestary or drugs…giving up all goals) 4)Rebellion (Give new and better Goals)
Conflict Theory on Deviance The powerful enforce their norms via criminal justice system.
Illegitimate Opportunity theory Easy access to illegal means of Achieving goals
5 ways to be neutral 1)Denial of Responsibility 2)Denial of Injury 3)Denial of a victim (rather an enemy) 4)Condemnation of condemners 5)Appeal to higher Loyalties
3 Ways in which deviance is Funtionalist 1)Deviance clarifies Moral Boundaries 2)Deviance promotes social unity via unity on punishments 3)Promotes social change for the better
Four deviant paths for reaching the COMMON GOALS 1)Innovators (Get to the Top by bad means) 2)ritualism (living the rules but ideals are shattered) 3)retreatism (monestary or drugs…giving up all goals) 4)Rebellion (Give new and better Goals)
Conflict Theory on Deviance The powerful enforce their norms via criminal justice system.
Illegitimate Opportunity theory Easy access to illegal means of Achieving goals
Primary Deviance Participating in an act of deviance without recieving the label
Secondary deviance. Your acts of deviance have gained you an underlying label.
Capitalist Class Own one-third of the nations assets Blue bloods do not mingle with the rest of the World…They simply manage money they already have (old money)
Upper middle class Shaped by education. 15 % of population
Lower middle class 34% of population. Have hopes of climbing the social ladder but can also fall.
Working Class 16% of Population Low paying temporary and seasonal jobs. Not likely to vote
Underclass Homeless…some employed some not.
Wealth Asset..or what you own (property)
Income an inflow of money from a variety of sources
Three P’s of Social Class Property, Power, prestige
Prestige respect towards those of great achievement
Power The ability to control others, even over their objections
Integenerational Mobility Change in social status from Generation to Generation
Endogamy Practice of marriage within your social class
Caste System Social Class is determined by birth (unchangeable)
Class System Based on wealth which can be acquired
Colonialism More powerful industrialized nations went and colonized others for their natural resources.
Positional Good (Obtained to heighten ones social stratification)
Functionalist view on Stratification Stratifiaction will always exist and it is therefore good for society to learn how to work with inequality. -High positions need highly qualified people -The more stress in these positions the greater the reward.
Meritocracy A society that awards based on the merit of your position
Conflict Theory on stratification The high payed workers are not HIGHLY QUalified. They are there and they oppress those who are below them to keep things stratified.
Class consciousness An awareness of those who are in your situation (class)
False class consciousness Thinking you are in a different class and that you are not exploited
Feminist perspectives on gender Biology does not determine DESTINY. Stratification by gender is Wrong
Theory-The origin of Patriarchy Men became the active socializers While Women had to nurture Children sheltered up in their home.
Race A group structured by biological physical similarities
Ethnicity A varying group of people brought together by cultural Characterisitics.
Genocide Attempts to destroy a Group of people based on race or ethnicity
Ethnic Work People who participate in activities to maintain their cultural roots.
Popular Transfer 2 types Indirect: So miserable that you want to leave Direct: Dominant group forces you to leave.
Functionalism on Discrimination It unites groups…(Via hatred of another group)
Conflict Theory on Discrimination People are divided by those in power. Via 1)Fear of unemployment (unemployed are a RESERVE LABOR FORCE 2)Split labor market (based on race)
Symbolic interactionism How labels affect perception and create prejudice
/segregation The separation of a racial or ethnic group.
Authoritarian Personality Things are either right or wrong
Stereotype concept model Pity, pride, disgust, envy Warmth and Competence.
What is a family? Consists of people who consider themselves related by blood marriage, or adoption.
What is a Household? People who occupy the same housing unit.
Family of Orientation A family in which one grows up.
A family of Procreation A family in which one is conceived.
Marriage A groups identified mating groups combined with a WEDDING to Clarify the change in social status.
Endogomy Members must marry within their group
Exogomy Members must marry outside their group
Bilineal System System of Genealogy via both parents.
Patrilinial System System of Genealogy Via the father
Matrilinial System System of Genealogy Via the Mother
Created by: ririew