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vital signs


apical pulse pulse taken with a stethoscope
apena absence of respiration; temporary cessation of respiration
arrhythmia irregular or abnormal rhythm, usually referring to the heart rhythm
aural temperature measurements of the body temperature at the tympani membrane in the ear
axillary temperature taken in the armpit
blood pressure the force exerted by the blood against the arterial walls when the heart contracts and relaxes
bradycardia a pulse rate under 60 beats per minute
bradypnea slow respiratory rate, usually below 10 respiration per minute
character the quality of respiration's (e.g. deep, shallow, or labored)
cheyne- stokes periods of difficult breathing (dyspnea) followed by periods of no respiration's (apnea)
clinical thermometer used to record temperatures
cyanosis a dusky, bluish discoloration of the skin or lips or nail bed as a result of decreased oxygen and the increase of carbon dioxide in the blood stream
diastolic the constant pressure in the walls of the heart when the left ventricals are at rest
dyspnea difficult or labored breathing
electronic thermometer used by many facilities
fever an elevated body temperature, usually above 101 degrees Fahrenheit
homeostasis a constant state of natural balance with the body
hypertension high blood pressure, indicated when pressures are greater than 140mm Hg systolic & 90mm Hg diastolic
hypothermia an abnormally low body temperature, as induced in the elderly by exposure to cold weather
oral temperatures taken in the mouth
orthopnea sever dyspnea in which breathing is very difficult in any position other than sitting erect or standing
pulse the pressure of the blood felt against the wall of an artery as the heart contracts and relaxes or beats
pulse defect a condition that occurs with some heart conditions
pulse pressure the difference between systolic and dystolic pressure
pyrexia another term for fever
rate bubbling or noisy sounds caused by fluids or mucus in the air passages
rectal temperatures are taken in the rectum
respiration's reflect the breathing rate of the patient
rhythm refers to regularity
spyamcmanometer instrument calibrated for measuring blood pressure in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg)
stethoscope instrument used for listening to internal body sounds
systolic pressure occurs in the walls of the arteries when the left ventrical of the heart is contracted and pushing blood in to the arteries
tachycardia a pulse rate over 100 beats per minute (except children)
tachypnea respiratory rate above 25 respiration's per minute
temperature is a measurement of the balance between heart loss and heat produced by the body
tympanic thermometer are specialized electronic thermometers that record the aural temperature in the ear
vital signs are defined as various determinations that provide information about the basic body conditions of the patient
volume refers to strength
wheezing difficult breathing with a high pitched whistling or sighing sound during expiration
Created by: agthing12