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Anna's Midterm Thing

Midterm Study Stack

What are the two major groups of minerals? Silicates and Nonsilicates
What is a mineral deposit that is large and pure enough to be mined called? Ore
The color of the powder that a mineral leaves on a piece of white unglazed porcelain is called the mineral's ... Streak
What kinds of mines are open pit quarry mines? Surface mines
Which mineral is the most resistant to scratching? Diamonds
On what type of of surface does a fracture happen? Curved
More than 90% of Earth's crust is made up of what type of minerals? Silicate
A mineral must have what kind of definte structure? Crystalline
A mineral that is composed of only one element is called a ... Native Element
What is a naturally formed, inorganic solid with a defininte crystalline structure? Mineral
What is the tendency of some minerals to break along smooth, flat surfaces? Cleavage
What is the ratio of mass to volume of a substance? Density
What is the special property that causes some minerals to glow? Fluorescence
What are minerals that contain silicon and oxygen? Silicate minerals.
What is returning land to the wait it was before mining called? Reclamation
What type of minerals are good conductors of heat and electricty? Metallic Minerals.
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a definite pattern are called... Crystals
A substance made up of made up of atoms of two or more different elements joined by chemical bonds are... Compunds
A measure of the ability of a mineral to resist scratching is... Hardness
The way in which a mineral reflects light is... Luster
Characteristics that are particular to only a few types of minerals are... Special Properties
Tear shaped bodies that form when magma moves upward are... Pegmatites
Environment in which bodies of water of salt water dry up are... Evaporating Salt Water
What are the three types of rock in the rock cycle? Sedimentary, Igneous, and Metamorphic
What are the processes involved in the formation of Igneous rocks? Melting and cooling
What is an example of a Native Element? Copper and Silver
What is a special property that causes a mineral to attract iron? Magnetism
What is the process in which a mineral changes composition during metamorphism called?> Recrystallization
Who wrote the "Principles of Geology" and helped dispel beliefs about catastrophism? Charles Lyell
What are most minerals made up of>? Compounds
If a mineral is shiny, what is it? Metallic
If a mineral is dull yet reflective, what is it? Submetallic
If a mineral is dull and not reflective, what is it? Nonmetallic
What are dissolved materials that are carried into lakes and seas by surface water and ground water called? Limestones
Which minerals are formed when magma rises towards the crust, but stops before it hits the surface? Plutons
A naturally occurring solid mixture if one or more minerals or organic matter is what>? Rock
What is a series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one type to another, is destroyed, and forms again by geological processes? Rock Cycle
What is the process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transport soil and sediment from one location to another. Erosion
What is the chemical makeup of a rock/? Composition
What is the quality of a rock that is based on the sizes, shapes, and positions of the rock's grains? Texture
What is rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma beneath the Earth's surface>? Intrusive Igneous Rock
What is rock that forms as a result of volcanic activity at or near the Earth's surface? Extrusive Igneous Rock
What is layers of sedimentary rock? Strata
What is the process in which sedimentary rock is arranged in layers? Stratification
What is the texture of metamorphic rock in which the mineral grains are arranged in planes or bands? Foliated
What is the texture of metamorphic rock in which the mineral grains are not arranged in planes or bands? Nonfoliated
A principle that states that geologic processes that occurred in the past can be explained by current geologic processes is... Uniformitarianism
What is a fossilized mark that is formed in soft sediment by the movement of animals? Trace Fossil
What are the remains or physical evidence of an organism preserved by geologic processes>? Fossil
Created by: annaz26