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FinalExam Mrs Hacker

Rachel's extra credit study stack

What is a change that affects the activity of an organism? stimulus
What is the name for reproduction in which sex cells from two parents unite, producing offspring that share traits from both parents? sexual reproduction
What is reproduction that doesn't involve the union of sex cells? asexual reproduction
What is the passing of traits from one generation to the next? heredity
What is the total of all chemical activities performed by an organism? metabolism
What is the smallest unit that can perform all life processes? cell
What is the maintenance of a stable internal environment? homeostasis
What is the name for an organism that makes its own food? producer
What is the name for an organism that eats other organisms or organic matter? consumer
What is the name for an organism that breaks down the remains of dead animals or animal waste to get food? decomposer
What is the major energy-carrying molecule in the cell? ATP
What is a molecule made of sugars? carbohydrate
What is a molecule that is sometimes called the blueprint of life? nucleic acid
What is a large molecule made of amino acids? protein
What is the molecule that forms most of the cell membrane? phospholipid
What is an energy-storing compound that cannot mix with water? lipid
What type of carbohydrate is table sugar? simple carbohydrate
What is an organism that eats plants? consumer
What type of carbohydrate is a potato? complex carbohydrate
What are compounds like fat and oils that store energy? lipids
What is the compound to which carbohydrates and lipids transfer their energy? ATP
What system based on shared characteristics is used to classify organisms? 7 level system
What are the levels of classification in order? kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
The scientific name for an organism comes from its _____ and _____. genus and species
What can you find by working through the statements of a dichotomous key? the identity of an organism
What is Carolus Linnaeus known for? the founding of taxonomy
For hundreds of years what 2 groups did people think living things belonged to? animals and plants
What is an example of a simple animal? sponge
How many kingdoms are there? 6
What is the scientific name for the Asian elephant? elephas maximus
How many kingdoms of bacteria are there today? 2
What does a dichotomous key consist of? a series of paired statements
What are found where other living things could not survive? archaebacteria
What can live in soil, water, or the human body? eubacteria
What are small, single-celled living things without nuclei? bacteria
Humans like you are _____. systems
In what kind of tissue does photosynthesis take place? ground tissue
A group of cells with the same function make up _____. a tissue
An organ consists of ______. two or more tissues
Why are most cells small? their volume is limited by how large their surface area is
What part of the cell helps keep the cell membrane from collapsing? cytoskeleton
What are all organisms made of? cells
What is the job of the lysosomes? they digest food particles
Where do al cells come from? cells
How are archaebacteria different than eubacteria? archaebacteria have different ribosomes
What does the golgi complex do? packages and delivers proteins (UPS)
Cellulose is found in ______. plants
What is the lowest level of organization? cell
Cells that are like each other and do the same job from a ______. tissue
What is a structure made of 2 or more tissues? organ
A group of organs working together forms an __________. organ system
What is a tiny round organelle made or protein and other material? ribosome
What is the name for the fluid inside the cell? cytoplasm
What are small bodies in a cell that are designed to perform specialized functions? organelles
What is the name for a cell with a nucleus? eukaryote
What is the name for a cell without a nucleus? prokaryote
What is the name for genetic material in cells? DNA
Where is DNA stored? nucleus
What is the process of chromosome separation? mitosis
What are the life stage of a cell? cell cycle
What are pairs of similar chromosomes? homologous chromosomes
What is the container for DNA? chromosome
What is the division of cytoplasm? cytokinesis
What is the movement of water through a membrane? osmosis
What is the movement of substances through a cell membrane without the use of energy? passive transport
Created by: 12_rjohnson