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Chapt 12 Congress

Ap Gov Congress

QuestionAnswer
Incumbents Those already holding office
Pork Barrel The mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts available to cities, businesses, colleges and institutions available in a congressional district
Casework Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as individuals;
Bicameral legislature A legislature divided into two houses
House Rules Committee An institution unique to the House that reviews all bills (except revenue, budget, and appropriations bills) coming from a House committee before they go to the full House
Filibuster A strategy unique to the Senate whereby opponents of a bill try to talk it to death, based on the tradition of unlimited debate
Speaker of the House An office mandated by the Constitution. The Speaker is chosen in practice by the majority party, has both formal and informal powers, and is second in line to succeed to the presidency if that office should become vacant
Majority Leader The principal partisan ally of the Speaker of the House or the party's manager in the Senate. -Is responsible for scheduling bills, influencing committee assignments, and rounding up votes in behalf of the party's legislative positions
Whips Party leaders who work with the majority leader or minority leader to count votes beforehand and lean on wavers whose votes are crucial to a bill favored by a party
Minority Leader The principal leader of the minority party in the House of Representatives or in the Senate
Standing Committee Separate subject-matter committees in each house of Congress that handle bills in different policy areas
Conference Committee Congressional committees formed when the Senate and the House pass a particular bill in different forms. Party leaders appoint member from each house to iron out the differences and bring back a single bill
Select Committees Congressional committees appointed for a specific purpose, such as the Watergate investigation
Joint Committee Congressional committees on a few subject-matter areas with membership drawn from both houses
Legislative Oversight Congress's monitoring of the bureaucracy and its administration of policy, performed mainly through hearings
Committee chairs The most important influences of the congressional agenda; play dominant roles in scheduling hearings, hiring staff, appointing subcommittees, and managing committee bills when they are brought before the full house
Seniority system a simple rule for picking committee chairs, in effect until 1970s. The member who had served on the committee the longest and whose party controlled Congress became chair, regardless of party loyalty, mental state, or competence
Caucus (congressional) A group of members of Congress sharing some interest or characteristic. Most are composed of members from both parties and from both houses.
Bill proposed law, drafted in precise, legal language.
Created by: emilyradke