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Measure & Density

Metric Measurement & Density

QuestionAnswer
What country developed the metric system? France
When was the metric system developed (what decade)? 1790s
The metric system is based on what number? 10
What prefix means "1000"? kilo
What prefix means "1/1000"? or "0.001"? milli
What prefix means "1/100" or "0.01"? centi
What tool is used to measure length? (a meterstick or a _____ ) ruler
What tool is used to measure mass? (a ______ beam balance) triple
What tool is used to take accurate measurements of liquid volume? (a graduated _____ ) cylinder
What tool is used to measure temperature? thermometer
What tool is used to measure liquid volumes? (not as accurate as a graduated cylinder) beaker
The name for the curved upper surface of a liquid in a column of liquid is the _____. meniscus
A measure of the amount of matter an object contains is called ______. (It's a measure of the amount of particles (atoms) in matter.) mass
A measure of the force of gravity acting on an object is called ______. weight
The amount of space an object takes up is called _____. volume
Which of the following metric units was developed first--kilogram, meter, liter ? meter
Which of the following metric units was developed second--kilogram, meter, liter ? liter
Which of the following metric units was developed last--kilogram, meter, liter ? kilogram
In the metric system: what is the base unit for measuring length? meter
In the metric system: what is the base unit for measuring liquid volume? liter
In the metric system: what is the base unit for measuring mass? the kilo_____ gram
In the metric system: what is the base unit for measuring time? second
In the metric system: what is the base unit for measuring temperature? degrees _____ Celsius
How many countries still haven't totally changed to the metric system? three
Name the largest country that hasn't totally changed to the metric system (abbreviate the name). USA
Always measure from the _____ of the meniscus when using a graduated cylinder. bottom
What tool is used to measure weight? a spring _____ scale
You can measure the volume of an irregular solid by using the ____ displacement method. water
Using tools to compare to a known amount is called _____. measurement
The measurement from one point to another ("from A to B") is called _____. length
The measurement of the amount of heat an object contains is called _____. temperature
The measurement of duration (how long something lasts related to earth/solar movement). time
The ratio of mass to volume is known as _____. density
The density of _____ is 1.00 g/mL. water
If something (solid, liquid or gas) has a density less than 1.00 g/mL, it will _____ in water. float
If something (solid, liquid or gas) has a density greater than 1.00 g/mL, it will _____ in water. sink
Density is the measure of how much _____ is contained in a given volume. mass
Density is the measure of how much mass is contained in a given _____. volume
Ice (solid water) has a density of 0.92 g/cm3. Would it float or sink when placed in room-temperature liquid water? float
TRUE or FALSE? To calculate the density of an object, you would divide its volume by its mass. false
TRUE or FALSE? The particles in dense materials are packed together more compactly than the particles in a less dense substance. true
The more _____ there is per unit of volume, the denser an object becomes. mass
If a box measures 3 cm x 2 cm x 1 cm, its volume is _____ cm3. (Type your answer in word format. Ex: "10" --> "ten".) six
Corn syrup has a density of 1.38 g/mL. Would it float or sink when placed in room-temperature liquid water? sink
The less mass there is per unit of _____, the less dense an object becomes. volume
The formulat for calculating the volume of a regular solid (rectangular prism) is: L x W x H. Since volume is measuring the 3-D space something takes up in the universe, the units will ALWAYS be labeled the #_____ as an exponent. 3
To measure weight, we would use a _____. (This equipment uses a spring to measure the force of gravity.) scale
TRUE or FALSE? The weight of an object can change depending on where it is in the universe. true
TRUE or FALSE? The mass of an object can change depending on where it is in the universe. false
When two materials are added together, the one with the higher _____ will sink. density
How many centimeters are in one meter? 100
How many millimeters are in one meter? 1000
How many millimeters are in one centimeter? 10
Created by: mrsgilbert