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# Measure & Density

### Metric Measurement & Density

Question | Answer |
---|---|

What country developed the metric system? | France |

When was the metric system developed (what decade)? | 1790s |

The metric system is based on what number? | 10 |

What prefix means "1000"? | kilo |

What prefix means "1/1000"? or "0.001"? | milli |

What prefix means "1/100" or "0.01"? | centi |

What tool is used to measure length? (a meterstick or a _____ ) | ruler |

What tool is used to measure mass? (a ______ beam balance) | triple |

What tool is used to take accurate measurements of liquid volume? (a graduated _____ ) | cylinder |

What tool is used to measure temperature? | thermometer |

What tool is used to measure liquid volumes? (not as accurate as a graduated cylinder) | beaker |

The name for the curved upper surface of a liquid in a column of liquid is the _____. | meniscus |

A measure of the amount of matter an object contains is called ______. (It's a measure of the amount of particles (atoms) in matter.) | mass |

A measure of the force of gravity acting on an object is called ______. | weight |

The amount of space an object takes up is called _____. | volume |

Which of the following metric units was developed first--kilogram, meter, liter ? | meter |

Which of the following metric units was developed second--kilogram, meter, liter ? | liter |

Which of the following metric units was developed last--kilogram, meter, liter ? | kilogram |

In the metric system: what is the base unit for measuring length? | meter |

In the metric system: what is the base unit for measuring liquid volume? | liter |

In the metric system: what is the base unit for measuring mass? the kilo_____ | gram |

In the metric system: what is the base unit for measuring time? | second |

In the metric system: what is the base unit for measuring temperature? degrees _____ | Celsius |

How many countries still haven't totally changed to the metric system? | three |

Name the largest country that hasn't totally changed to the metric system (abbreviate the name). | USA |

Always measure from the _____ of the meniscus when using a graduated cylinder. | bottom |

What tool is used to measure weight? a spring _____ | scale |

You can measure the volume of an irregular solid by using the ____ displacement method. | water |

Using tools to compare to a known amount is called _____. | measurement |

The measurement from one point to another ("from A to B") is called _____. | length |

The measurement of the amount of heat an object contains is called _____. | temperature |

The measurement of duration (how long something lasts related to earth/solar movement). | time |

The ratio of mass to volume is known as _____. | density |

The density of _____ is 1.00 g/mL. | water |

If something (solid, liquid or gas) has a density less than 1.00 g/mL, it will _____ in water. | float |

If something (solid, liquid or gas) has a density greater than 1.00 g/mL, it will _____ in water. | sink |

Density is the measure of how much _____ is contained in a given volume. | mass |

Density is the measure of how much mass is contained in a given _____. | volume |

Ice (solid water) has a density of 0.92 g/cm3. Would it float or sink when placed in room-temperature liquid water? | float |

TRUE or FALSE? To calculate the density of an object, you would divide its volume by its mass. | false |

TRUE or FALSE? The particles in dense materials are packed together more compactly than the particles in a less dense substance. | true |

The more _____ there is per unit of volume, the denser an object becomes. | mass |

If a box measures 3 cm x 2 cm x 1 cm, its volume is _____ cm3. (Type your answer in word format. Ex: "10" --> "ten".) | six |

Corn syrup has a density of 1.38 g/mL. Would it float or sink when placed in room-temperature liquid water? | sink |

The less mass there is per unit of _____, the less dense an object becomes. | volume |

The formulat for calculating the volume of a regular solid (rectangular prism) is: L x W x H. Since volume is measuring the 3-D space something takes up in the universe, the units will ALWAYS be labeled the #_____ as an exponent. | 3 |

To measure weight, we would use a _____. (This equipment uses a spring to measure the force of gravity.) | scale |

TRUE or FALSE? The weight of an object can change depending on where it is in the universe. | true |

TRUE or FALSE? The mass of an object can change depending on where it is in the universe. | false |

When two materials are added together, the one with the higher _____ will sink. | density |

How many centimeters are in one meter? | 100 |

How many millimeters are in one meter? | 1000 |

How many millimeters are in one centimeter? | 10 |

How many meters are in one kilometer? | 1000 |