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anatomy chpt 15&16

for final

regurgitation of stomach contents into the esophagus is prevented by the.... lower esphageal sphincter, cardiac sphincter
teeth used to crush and grind food particles both bicuspids and molars
bile is temporarily stored in the gallbladder
oraganic nutrients that required in very small amounts and act with enzymes to enable the normal functioning of the body vitamins
stomach temprotarily stores food, secretes gastric juice, starts the digestion of proteins
contraction of the gallbladder is stimulated cholecystokinin
food is carried from one portion of the alimentary canal to another by paeristaltic contractions
large intestine that extends along right side of abdomen is called ascending colon
liver secretes bile
large intestine reabsorbs water, minerals, and vitamins; bacteria decomposed nondigested residues; formation and elimination of feces
fatty substance in chime are emusified by bile salts
almost all absorption of nutrients occurs in the ___ small intestine
nasal and orl cavities are separated by the hard and soft palates
salivary amylase catalyzes the hydrolysis of ______ to form_____. starch to form maltose
tiny, fingerlike projections of the mucosa of the small intestine are called intestinal villi
both bile & pancreatic juice are emptied into the duodenum
renal pyramids consist primarily of collecting ducts
filtration is aided by both glomerular blood pressure being grater that in other capillaries & glomerular capillaries more permeable than othr capillaries
tube from kidney to bladder ureter
tube from bladder to anus urethra
nephrons are located primarily in the kidney __________. cortex
organ that filters blood plasma and forms urine kidney
urea is formed by the liver
maintenance of the volume and composition of body fluids is the basic function of the ____ system urinary
major function of urine formation is to maintain the composition & volume of blood at relatively constant levels
renal corpuscle consists of a glomerulus enclosed in a double-walled capsule
Urea is formed as the waste product of protein metabolism
urethral sphincter under voluntary control external sphincter
normal pH range of body fluids is 7.35-7.45
arteriole associated with the glomerulus that has greater diameter afferent arteriole
functional unit of a kidney nephron
color of normal urine is due to the presence of urochrome
most abundant nitrogenous waste in urine urea
reabsorption of all organic nutrients occurs in the proximal tubule
movement of substance from blood in the peritubluar capillary in the renal tubule tubular secretion
renal pelvis empties into a/an ureter
Created by: liisa