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Micro Final 2011

Extremophiles Require extreme conditions of temperature, pH, and or salinity to survive.
Actinomycetes Produces antibiotics
Cyanobacteria Vary greatly in shape, size and method of reproduction
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Meringitis, "Acid-Fast"
Corynebacterium Diplitheria
Nitrogen Fixer Roots of plants where they make N2 available to plants as NH3
Rhizobium Roots of leguminous plants such as peas, beeans, and clovers. Make ammonia available to the plant encouraging growth. Ex. Burning Fuel
Listeria Contaminates dairy products and meat
Rickettsia Causes typhus and Rocky mountain spotted fever.
Acetobacter & Gluconobacter Are used to synthesize acetic acid (vinegar)
Bacillus Common in soil. Ex. Antrax
Norcadia Lesions
Streptococcus Strep throat, scarlet fever and others. Toxins that destroy muscles and fat tissue
Mycoplasmas Pneumonia Urinary tract infections
Clostridium Tetanus Botulism Gangrene Severe Diarrhea
Staphyloccus Bacteremia, food poisoning, and others Inhabit Skin
Purple Sulfur Bacteria Deposit sulfur within their cells
Green Sulfur Bacteria Deposits the resultant sulfur outside their cells
Pseudomonas Causes disease such as urinary tract infections external otitis(swimmer's ear) and lung infections in cystic fibirosis
Bordetella Pertusis "whooping cough"
Coxiella Q Fever
Legionella Causes Legionnaires disease
Deinococcus Outer membrane similar to Gram negative, but cells stain purple like gram positive
Neisseria Diplococcus Gonorrhea and meningitis
Pyrodictium Live in deep-sea hydrothermal vents are irregular disks with elongated protein tublules
Methanogens Largest group of archaea Converts organic materials into methane gas
Aquifex Represents the earliest branch of bacteria
Deep Branching Bacteria Earliest bacteria on Earth Appeared to branched off the "tree of life"
Halophiles Extreme saline habitats such as the Dead Sea. Colonize and spoil such foods as salted fish, sausage
Geogemma Current record holder for surviving high temperature. Can survive 2 hours at 130 degrees.
Thermophiles Do not function properly at temperatures lower than 45 C
Nitrifying Bacteria Those that derive electrons from the oxidation of nitrogenous compounds
Archaea Lack true peptidoglycan in their cell walls. Not known to cause disesase
Phototrophic Bacteria Acquire energy by absorbing light with pigments.
Burkholderia Lung infection of cystic fibriosis patinents
Lactobacillus Produce yogurt, buttermilk, pickles, sauerkraut.
Treponema Syphillis
Azosprillum Releases chemicals that stimulate the plant to produce numerous hairs.
Created by: pthomas90