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Psych 3010 exam 5

QuestionAnswer
The _____ study was the “final straw” that led to current U.S. law on use of humans in research. Tuskegee
After World War II, the _____ was written and included provisions for informed consent for participation in research Nuremburg Code
According to the common rule, a(n) _____ is required to review proposals for research that involves human participants. IRB (institutional review board)
The “common rule” is issued and enforced by _____. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Give one example of research exempt from the requirement for informed consent. _____ normal educational practice
Animals may be subjected to painful research procedure only if justified by ______. potential benefits
Inducements for humans to participate in research may not be _____. excessive
Researchers are required to share the data from their studies for the purpose of _____. verification
If a researcher discovers a significant error in a research procedure or analysis after publication of the results, he or she is expected to publish _____. retraction
Selectively dropping observations from a data set without reporting that this had been done would constitute _____ in research. sub-setting
In research involving deception, a _____ should be conducted as soon as feasible to fully inform the subject. debrief
Human participants in research must be told that they may _____ at any time. leave/withdraw
To increase power, we can increase _____ or _____ or _____ or _____. alpha/ effect size (d)/ sample size (N)/ control
To increase power, we might change α from 0.05 to _____. .10
In normal research practice, the most typical way of increasing power is _____. increasing N
To decrease the chance of a Type I error, we might change α from 0.05 to _____. .01
Increasing experimental control increases power because _____ decreases. variability
Increasing the number of observations collected increases power because _____ decreases. standard error
Increasing the strength of an experimental manipulation might increase power by increasing _____. effect size
In null hypothesis significance testing, the probability “power” reflects the probability of _____. not making a type II error/correctly rejecting null hypothesis
The concept of power in null hypothesis significance testing is similar to the occurrence of a _____ in diagnostic testing. true positive
The concept of a Type I error in null hypothesis significance testing is similar to the occurrence of a _____ in diagnostic testing. false positive
The concept of a Type II error in null hypothesis significance testing is similar to the occurrence of a _____ in diagnostic testing. false negative
Informed consent procedures must let participants know about the _____ of confidentiality. limits
Deception may be used if a research project has significant _____ value. scientific/educational/applied
The right to give informed consent yields from which of the three fundamental principles stated in the Belmont Report? _____ respect for persons
We need statistical analyses of our data because of _____ in the data. variability
The null hypothesis is that there is no _____ variability in the data systematic
One criticism of null hypothesis significance testing is that the null hypothesis is a kind of _____ argument. straw man
One criticism of null hypothesis significance testing is that the emphasis is on Type ____ errors and not the more important Type ____ error. I/ II
In null hypothesis significance testing, a result is “significant” if _____ is less than _____. a (alpha), .05
In null hypothesis significance testing, the probability p represents the probability of observing these results if _____. the null hypothesis is correct
In null hypothesis significance testing, the value of α represents the probability of _____. type I error rate
Created by: mecz9d