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# Psych 3010 exam 5

Question | Answer |
---|---|

The _____ study was the “final straw” that led to current U.S. law on use of humans in research. | Tuskegee |

After World War II, the _____ was written and included provisions for informed consent for participation in research | Nuremburg Code |

According to the common rule, a(n) _____ is required to review proposals for research that involves human participants. | IRB (institutional review board) |

The “common rule” is issued and enforced by _____. | U.S. Department of Health and Human Services |

Give one example of research exempt from the requirement for informed consent. _____ | normal educational practice |

Animals may be subjected to painful research procedure only if justified by ______. | potential benefits |

Inducements for humans to participate in research may not be _____. | excessive |

Researchers are required to share the data from their studies for the purpose of _____. | verification |

If a researcher discovers a significant error in a research procedure or analysis after publication of the results, he or she is expected to publish _____. | retraction |

Selectively dropping observations from a data set without reporting that this had been done would constitute _____ in research. | sub-setting |

In research involving deception, a _____ should be conducted as soon as feasible to fully inform the subject. | debrief |

Human participants in research must be told that they may _____ at any time. | leave/withdraw |

To increase power, we can increase _____ or _____ or _____ or _____. | alpha/ effect size (d)/ sample size (N)/ control |

To increase power, we might change α from 0.05 to _____. | .10 |

In normal research practice, the most typical way of increasing power is _____. | increasing N |

To decrease the chance of a Type I error, we might change α from 0.05 to _____. | .01 |

Increasing experimental control increases power because _____ decreases. | variability |

Increasing the number of observations collected increases power because _____ decreases. | standard error |

Increasing the strength of an experimental manipulation might increase power by increasing _____. | effect size |

In null hypothesis significance testing, the probability “power” reflects the probability of _____. | not making a type II error/correctly rejecting null hypothesis |

The concept of power in null hypothesis significance testing is similar to the occurrence of a _____ in diagnostic testing. | true positive |

The concept of a Type I error in null hypothesis significance testing is similar to the occurrence of a _____ in diagnostic testing. | false positive |

The concept of a Type II error in null hypothesis significance testing is similar to the occurrence of a _____ in diagnostic testing. | false negative |

Informed consent procedures must let participants know about the _____ of confidentiality. | limits |

Deception may be used if a research project has significant _____ value. | scientific/educational/applied |

The right to give informed consent yields from which of the three fundamental principles stated in the Belmont Report? _____ | respect for persons |

We need statistical analyses of our data because of _____ in the data. | variability |

The null hypothesis is that there is no _____ variability in the data | systematic |

One criticism of null hypothesis significance testing is that the null hypothesis is a kind of _____ argument. | straw man |

One criticism of null hypothesis significance testing is that the emphasis is on Type ____ errors and not the more important Type ____ error. | I/ II |

In null hypothesis significance testing, a result is “significant” if _____ is less than _____. | a (alpha), .05 |

In null hypothesis significance testing, the probability p represents the probability of observing these results if _____. | the null hypothesis is correct |

In null hypothesis significance testing, the value of α represents the probability of _____. | type I error rate |