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Complete Cell Terms

This is the complete collection of the 37 cell terms and etymologies

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ety) ety: endo=inside, plasm=jelly, reticu=network
Vacuole (ety) ety: vacu=empty
Organelle (ety) ety: organ+elle=tiny
Endoplasmic Reticulum Organelle that is a folded membrane used to move materials around inside the cell
Mitochondrion Organelle that chemically reacts oxygen with sugars to release energy, carbon dioxide, and water
Diagram A neat drawing or photo showing the parts of something with labels and/or written explaination
Lysosome (ety) ety: lyso=cleaning, some=body
Etymology The history of a word (language of origin and meanings of root parts of the word)
Cytoplasm (ety) ety: cyto=cell, plasm=jelly
Chloroplast (ety) ety: chloro=colored, plast=body
Golgi Body Organelle that packages proteins inside membranes so they can be sent elsewhere
Lysosome Organelle that breaks down and gets rid of waste
Ribosome Organelle that makes proteins for the cell
Graph A visual display of data, usually showing how one variable relates to another; for example: a line graph, a scatter plot, or a bar chart
Cytoplasm The liquid filling of a cell in which all of the organelles float
Cytoplasm (ety) ety: cyto=cell, plasm=jelly
Nucleus Organelle that contains all the instructions for how to run a cell
Cell Wall Organelle in a plant or bacteria that is outside the cell and gives rigid support and shape to the cell
Function The job something does and how it works
Table A neatly organized display of numbers or words organized in columns and rows
Cell Membrane Organelle that is the outer boundary of a cell and which only lets certain things in and out
Structure The shape and parts of something and how they are put together
Chloroplast Organelle in a plant that uses sunlight energy to chemically react carbon dioxide with water to produce sugars and oxygen
Tissue A group of cells working together (level of organization in a multicellular organism
Eukaryotic (ety) ety: eu=true, karyo=kernel
Unicellular Adjective to describe an organism made of only one cell
Prokaryotic Adjective to describe a cell that has no nucleus or organelles with membranes
Analogy A comparison between something simple and something complex to make the complex thing easier to understand
Prokaryotic (ety) ety: pro=before, karyo=kernel
Organ system A group of organs working together (level of organization in a multicellular organism)
Organ A group of tissues working together (level of organization in a multicellular organism)
Plant A multicellular eukaryotic organism that can produce it's own food and which has specialized organelles: cell wall, chloroplast, very large vacuole
Animal A multicellular eukaryotic organism that has to consume food to get energy
Bacteria A single celled prokaryotic organism
Multicellular Adjective to describe an organism made of many cells
Eukaryotic Adjective to describe a cell that has a nucleus and organelles with membranes
Created by: Mr. Sentry