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Reproduction of Cell

Chapter 3

QuestionAnswer
DNA the material found in a cell's nucleus, that determines the genetic traits of the organism
Chromosome an organized structure that is made up of proteins and DNA
Chromatids One of the two sides replicated by a chromosome during mitosis
Cell Cycle the normal sequence of development and division of a cell
Mitosis the part of the cell cycle during which a cell is NOT dividing.
Interphase the part of the cell cycle during which a cell is not dividing
Double Helix the structure created when the double-stranded molecules of DNA and RNA form
Cytokinesis the division of the parent cell's cytoplasm;
Centromere found in the middle of the chromosome; cell can't divide properly without it
Binary Fission DNA is replicated, then the two different DNA split apart, breaking the cell in two
Regeneration the process of growing new tissue at a wounded site on the organism
Asexual Reproduction method of reproduction where genetically identical offspring come from one parent
Sexual Reproduction method of reproduction where genetically identical offspring come from more than one parent
Prophase first stage of cell division, chromosomes thicken, nuclear membrane disappears.
Metaphase second stage of cell divison; chromosome meet at the middle of the cell
Anaphase third stage of cell divison; chromosomes start to separate
Telophase fourth stage of cell divison; chromosomes reach opposite ends, new nuclear membrane appears, chromosomes uncoil; generally followed by cytokinesis immediatly
Centrioles Functions the organization of the mitotic spindle
Budding Asexual production of new organisms
Created by: ausgul