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JR Fundamentals 3

Fundamentals vocab 26, 29, 33, 34, 39

QuestionAnswer
Provide checklists for poising proofing a home and provide lists of toxic household items Poison Control Centers
also known as suffocation, may occur at any age, but the incidence is greater in children. Air does not reach the lungs and breathing stops. Common causes are drowning, choking on a foreign substance inhaled into the trachea and gas or smoke poisoning Asphyxiation
domestic violence or battering between 2 people in a close relationship Intimate partner violence
physical devices used to limit a patients movement, side rails, geriatric chairs, w/ attached trays and appliance tied at the wrist, ankle, or waist restraints
an unexpected occurrence involving death or serious physical or psychological injury or the risk of death or injury Sentinel event
a connection from an electricity source to the earth through which electric current leakage can be harmlessly conducted ground
report that must be completed in an event of an accident or incident that compromises safety in a health care agency Safety event report
broadly defined as a tragic event of great magnitude that requires the response of people outside the involved community, can be natural or man made disaster
involves the deliberate release of a chemical compound that has potential for harming peoples health, dispersed in an enclosed space for max effect chemical terrorism
involves intentional introduction of radioactive materials into the environment for the purpose of causing injury and death Nuclear terrorism
which identifies the drug’s active ingredient, is the name assigned by the manufacturer that first develops the drug generic name
is the name by which the drug is identified in the official publications official name
also referred to as the brand name or proprietary name, is selected by the drug company that sells the drug and is protected by trademark trade name
is the effect of the body on the drug. It is the movement of drug molecules in the body in relation to the drug’s absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion Pharmacokinetics
is the process by which a drug is transferred from its site of entry into the body to the bloodstream Absorption
depends on blood flow to the tissues, the drug’s ability to leave the blood stream, and the drug’s ability to enter the cells Distribution
or biotransformation, is the change of a drug from its original form to a new form Metabolism
is the process of removing a drug, or its metabolites (products of metabolism), from the body Excretion
The process by which drugs alter cell physiology and affect the body pharmacodynamics
Undesirable effects other than the intended therapeutic effect of a drug adverse drug effects
is life threatening and results in respiratory distress, sudden severe bronchospasm, and cardiovascular collapse Anaphylaxis
is an immune system response that occurs when the body interprets the administered drug as a foreign substance and forms antibodies against the drug allergic effect
occurs when the body becomes accustomed to the effects of a particular drug over a period of time. Drug tolerance
are specific groups of symptom srelated to drug therapy that carry risk for permanent damage or death Toxic effects (toxicities)
occurs when the body cannot metabolize one dose of a drug before another dose is administered Cumulative effect
is any unusual or peculiar response to a drug that may manifest itself by over response, under response, or even the opposite of the expected response Idiosyncratic effect (sometimes called paradoxical effect)
combined effect of two or more drugs acting simultaneously produces an effect either less than that of each drug alone antagonist effect
combined effect of two or more drugs acting simultaneously produces an effect greater than that of each drug alone synergistic effect
are known to have the potential to cause developmental defects in the embryo or fetus and are definitely contraindicated teratogenic
is a pharmacologically inactive substance. In clini-cal drug trials, one group of patients receives the active drug,whereas another group receives a placebo to study the drug’s effects placebo
is the concentration of drug in the blood serum that produces the desired effect without causing toxicity therapeutic range
s the point when the drug is at its lowest concentration,and this specimen is usually drawn in the 30-minute interval before the next dose trough level
is the amount of time it takes for 50% of the blood concentration of a drug to be eliminated from the body half-life
as needed p.r.n. order
also is a single order, but it is carried out immediately stat order
is a glass flask that contains a single dose of medication for parenteral administration ampule
is a glass bottle with a self-sealing stopper through which the medication is removed vial
are administered into the dermis,just below the epidermis. Intradermal injections
are administered into the adipose tissue layer just below the epidermis and dermis Subcutaneous injections
deliver medication through the skin and subcutaneous tissues into certain muscles Intramuscular injections
is recommended for all intramuscular injections to ensure medication does not leak back along the needle track and into the subcutaneous tissue Z-track technique
requires the intermittent or additive solution to be placed higher than the primary solution container. piggyback delivery system
is battery operated and allows medication mixed in a syringe to be connected to the primary line and delivered by mechanical pressure applied to the syringe plunger mini-infusion pump (syringe pump) for intermittent infusion
are aerosolized, delivered in small particles, and breathed in by the patient inhalation
are usually intended for direct action at a particular site, although some can have systemic effects and are given for systemic effect. Topical applications
Created by: infamousjiggz