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soc real world ch 12

Sociology The Real World Stein Chapter 12

QuestionAnswer
One typical advantage of freelance work is: Flexibility
An economic system based on the collective ownership of the means of production and the collective distribution of goods and services is: Socialism
What was the primary reason Marx believed workers experienced alienation? They are paid for their labor but do not own the things they produce
A workplace where workers are subject to extreme exploitation, including below-standard wages, long hours, and poor working conditions that may pose health or safety hazards is called a/an: Sweatshop
The part of the economy comprised of nonprofit organizations is called the: Third sector
Women and persons of color are more likely to be found in the service sector. t/f True
What was the primary innovation that started the Information Age? The microchip
Corporations, such as Coca-Cola and General Electric, that are embedded in countries throughout the world and have a significant impact on the global economy are referred to as: Transnational corporations
The cultural and economic changes resulting from dramatically increased international trade and exchange in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries is called: Globalization
__________ integration refers to the global flow of goods in which complex relationships and decision making, production, and distribution of goods occur all over the world . Deep
_____ is based on the laws of free market competition. Capitalism
Hollywood movies purporting to depict U.S. cities that are actually filmed in Toronto are examples of: runaway shops
A union is an example of a/an: collective resistance strategy.
The rapid transformation of social life resulting from the technological and economic developments that began with the assembly line, steam power, and urbanization was called the: Industrial revolution
The ways that workers express discontent with their working conditions and try to reclaim control of the conditions of their labor are called: Resistance strategies
A computer programmer who works completely from home and sends his work to his boss through email would be an example of: Telecommuting
According to the textbook, which of the following is an example of a knowledge worker? Engineer, banker, newspaper reporter, bartender Engineer
A company who hires an engineer in India because she can be paid significantly lower wages than an engineer in the United States is practicing: Outsourcing
Using work time to surf the Web is an example of a/an: Individual resistance strategy
What did Barbara Ehrenreich find in her research on minimum-wage service jobs? Such workers are likely to be exploited because low wages, lack of benefits, and grueling hours often make it difficult to pay even the most basic of bills.
Food production was greatly increased by new innovations in farming and animal husbandry during the ___________ Agricultural revolution
The industrial economy increased stratification of the workforce along class, race, and gender lines. t/f True
What was one of the key differences between hunting and gathering societies and horticultural societies? Horticultural societies tended to have more permanent settlements.
While the United States is a capitalist nation, it also has socialist elements. t/f True
The social and economic changes, including population increases, that followed from the domestication of plants and animals and the gradually increasing efficiency of food production. Agricultural Revolution
An economic system based on the laws of free market competition, privatization of the means of production, and production for profit, with an emphasis on competition and supply and demand as a means to set prices. capitalism
A system of government that eliminates private property; the most extreme form of socialism, because all citizens work for the government and there are no class distinctions. communism
The cultural and economic changes resulting from dramatically increased international trade and exchange in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. globalization
The part of the economy composed of nonprofit organizations; their workers are mission driven, rather than profit driven, and such organizations direct surplus funds to the causes they support. Also called the Third Sector. Independent Sector
The rapid transformation of social life resulting from the technological and economic developments that began with the assembly line, steam power, and urbanization. Industrial Revolution
The recent social revolution made possible by the development of the microchip in the 1970s, which brought about vast improvements in the ability to manage information. Information Revolution
Those who work primarily with information and who create value in the economy through ideas, judgments, analyses, designs, or innovations. knowledge workers
"Contracting out" or transferring to another country the labor that a company might otherwise have employed its own staff to perform; typically done for financial reasons. outsourcing
Ways that workers express discontent with their working conditions and try to reclaim control of the conditions of their labor. resistance strategies
Those whose work involves providing a service to businesses or individual clients, customers, or consumers rather than manufacturing goods. service workers
An economic system based on the collective ownership of the means of production, collective distribution of goods and services, and government regulation of the economy. socialism
A workplace where workers are subject to extreme exploitation, including below-standard wages, long hours, and poor working conditions that may pose health or safety hazards. sweatshop
Working from home while staying connected to the office through communications technology. telecommuting
An association of workers who bargain collectively for increased wages and benefits and better working conditions. union
Created by: hkrawietz