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AP Gov't Court Cases

Supreme Court Cases likely to appear on the AP US Government test

Casefacts
Roth v. US Obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment
Gibbons v. Ogden The Supreme Court broadly interpreted the clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution giving Congress the power to regulate interstate commerce, encompassing virtually every form of commercial activity.
Marbury v. Madison The case in which Marshall first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the Constitution. The decision established the court's power of judicial review.
Brown v. Board of Education Seperate but equal is inherently unequal.
McCulloch v. Maryland Established the supremacy of the national government over state governments.
US v. Lopez Commerce clause does not give congress the power to pass the Gun Free Schools Act
Roe v. Wade The right to privacy gives a woman the right to an abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Schenck v. US Free speech can be restraint when there is "clear and present danger", such as during a war.
Gitlow v. New York Overturned Barron v. Baltimore and incorporated the right to free speech to the states.
Tinker v. Des Moines School District Symbolic speech of students is protected by the First Amendment.
Griswold v. Connecticut Right to privacy.
Miranda v. Arizona Rights of the accused.
Gideon v. Wainwright Incorporated the right to an attorney
Mapp v. Ohio Incorporated the Fourth Amendment (searches and seizures)
New York Times v. Sullivan Set guidelines for winning libel suits.
Near v. Minnesota Freedom of Press
Buckley v. Valeo "Reasonable restrictions" on campaign contributions are allowed, but limits on campaign expenditures are not. Justified by freedom of speech.
Texas v. Johnson Flag burning is a form of symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment.
Miller v. California Obscenity
Engel v. Vitale New York cannot mandate a state-composed non-denominational prayer be read in schools beecause it violated the Establishment Clause.
Lemon v. Kurtzman Struck down a law reimbursing religious schools for textbooks and teacher salaries. Government suppored programs in religious schools must have a primary secular purpose, neither aid nor inhibit religion, and not excessively entangle government, religion.
Cantwell v. Connecticut Incorporated the Free Exercise Clause, recognized absolute freedom of belief.
Created by: amandah27