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Ch. 12 Vocab snead


a form of energy that can travel through space. – are classified according to wavelength Electromagnetic Waves
the direct transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves. Radiation
a form of energy with wavelengths that are longer than red light. – not visible – felt as heat Infrared Radiation
has wavelengths shorter than violet light – cause sunburns, skin cancer and eye damage Ultraviolet Radiation
the total energy of motion in the molecules of a substance. Thermal Energy
the AVERAGE amount of energy of motion in each molecule. The higher the energy the hotter the object Temperature
Instrument that measures temperature Thermometer
the energy transferred from a hotter object to a cooler one Heat
the direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is TOUCHING – substances are IN CONTACT with each other Conduction
The transfer of heat by the movement of a FLUID (fluids are liquids or gases) Convection
the horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure. caused by differences in air pressure due to unequal heating. wind
instrument used to measure wind speed. Anemometer
winds that blow over a short distance. ** caused by unequal heating of Earth’s surface. Local wind
wind that blows from an ocean or lake onto the land Sea breeze
the flow of air from land to a body of water Land breeze
winds that blow steadily over a LONG distance. Movement of air between the equator and the poles Global wind
The curving of global winds caused by the Earth’s rotation Coriolis effect