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Micro ch 1 vocabular


Agar Gelatin-like solidifying agent used in laboratory culture medians
Animalcules Tiny animals seen under the microscope
Biotechnology Widely employed by various industries and uses microbes to solve biological problems; to produce large quantities of useful items, such as antibiotics, vitamins, food supplements, and to degrade toxic materials (especially raw sewage)
Gene Therapy The replacement of a defective gene with a normal one in pts suffering a wide variety of genetic diseases
Germ theory of disease The belief that microbes will grow in humans and are the cause of diseases that spread from person to person and town to town
Hypothesis Describes how a logical process could explain the observations in the scientific method
Koch Postulates 1)a given organism exists in animals infected with the specific disease, not in animals not infected 2)get a pure culture of the disease 3)same sx seen in inoculated healthy animals 4)isolate the identical microbe from newly infected animal
Lysosyme Degrades bacterial cell walls
Microbes Medically relevant organisms include prions, viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites(smallest to largest)
Microbiology studies a variety of organisms that usually require a microscope to be seen
Penicillin the first true antibiotic used to kill bacteria
Pure culture as each cell divides it forms a visible clump of cells that all grew from one organism and appeared identical in the microscope
Scientific method Helps scientists to make observations about a specific phenomenon
Spontaneous generation The idea that microbes develop without any cellular parentage. That contamination comes from the air.
Created by: heatherlvn