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Psychology WKCTC

Discuss color vision (essay 2) Cones are used in color vision. There are different theories about the role cones play in the sensation of color.
Trichromatic Theory (essay 2) Proposed three types of cones: red, blue, and green cones. One for each of the three primary colors of light.
Opponent-Process Theory (essay 2) Proposes four primary colors with cones arranged in pairs: red and green, blue and yellow.
Dual-Process Theory (essay 2) Both opponent-process and trichromatic occur, but at different levels in the visual system. Trichromatic is first, followed by opponent process.
Color-Blindness (essay 2) Cause by defective cones in the retina of the eye. There are three types and are inherited through sex-linked inheritance.
Discuss Perception (essay 3) Method by which the sensations experienced at any given moment are interpreted and organized in some meaningful fashion.
Proximity (essay 3) Perceiving objects that are close to each other as part of the same grouping.
Closure (essay 3) Tendency to complete figures that incomplete.
Similarity (essay 3) Tendency to perceive things that look similar to each other as part of the same group.
Levels of processing model (essay 4) Model of memory that assumes information that is more "deeply processed", or processed according to its meaning rather than just the sound or physical characteristics of the word or words, will be remembered more efficiently and for a longer period of tim
Parallel Distributed processing model (essay 4) A model of memory in which memory processes are proposed to take place at the same time over a large network of neural connections.
Information-prcoessing model (essay 4) Model of memory that assumes the processing of information for memory storage and is similar to the way a computer processes memory in a series of three stages.
Long-term memory (essay 5) #1 All info is placed to be kept more or less permanently
Declarative memory (essay 5) #2 long-term memory containing info that is conscious and known
Procedural memory (essay 5) #3 Motor skills, habits, classically conditioned reflexes. Not conscious, but affects conscious behavior.
Episodic memory (essay 5) #2a Events experienced by a person.
Semantic memory (essay 5) #2b Facts, general knowledge
Forgetting (essay 6) To cease to remember; be unable to recall.
Encoding failure (essay 6) Failure to process information into memory
Memory trace (essay 6) physical change in the brain that occurs when a memory is formed.
Decay (essay 6) Loss of memory due to the passage of time, during which the memory trace is not used.
Interference Theory (essay 6) Two parts: proactive interference-retroactive interference
Proactive interference( essay 6) Memory retrieval problem that occurs when older info prevents or interferes with the retrieval of newer info.
Retroactive interference (essay 6) Memory retrieval problem that occurs when newer info prevents or interferes with retrieval of older info.
Created by: amberhenson