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soc real world ch 9

Sociology The Real World Stein Chapter 9

QuestionAnswer
A pattern of relations between ethnic or racial groups in which the minority group is absorbed into the mainstream or dominant group, making society more homogenous. assimilation
The process by which racial or ethnic groups are absorbed into the dominant group by adopting the dominant group's culture. cultural assimilation
Unequal treatment of individuals based on their membership in a social group; usually motivated by prejudice. discrimination
Those elements of identity that are generated through others' perceptions of our physical traits. embodied identity
A socially defined category based on common language, religion, nationality, history, or another cultural factor. ethnicity
The deliberate and systematic extermination of a racial, ethnic, national, or cultural group. genocide
Discrimination carried out by one person against another. individual discrimination
Discrimination carried out systematically by institutions (political, economic, educational, and other) that affect all members of a group who come into contact with them. institutional discrimination
The economic and political domination and subjugation of the minority group by the controlling group within a nation. internal colonialism
Members of a social group that is systematically denied the same access to power and resources available to society's dominant groups but who are not necessarily fewer in number than the dominant groups. minority group
Presenting yourself as a member of a different racial or ethnic group than the one you were born into. passing
A cultural pattern of intergroup relations that encourages racial and ethnic variation within a society. pluralism
The forcible removal of a group of people from the territory they have occupied. population transfer
An idea about the characteristics of a group that is applied to all members of that group and is unlikely to change regardless of the evidence against it. prejudice
A socially defined category based on real or perceived biological differences between groups of people. race
The process by which racial minority groups are absorbed into the dominant group through intermarriage. racial assimilation
A set of beliefs about the superiority of one racial or ethnic group; used to justify inequality and often rooted in the assumption that differences between groups are genetic. racism
The formal and legal separation of groups by race or ethnicity. segregation
An ethnic identity that can be either displayed or concealed depending on its usefulness in a given situation. situational ethnicity
An ethnic identity that is only relevant on specific occasions and does not significantly impact everyday life. symbolic ethnicity
A country club that does not allow any African American members is guilty of: institutional discrimination.
The deliberate and systematic extermination of the Tutsis by the Hutus in Rwanda is an example of genocide
The members of a minority group are systematically denied the same access to power and resources available to the dominant group. t/f True
Why does the text argue that African American women may be particularly sensitive to the interracial relationships of African American men? There is a relatively limited number of eligible African American men due to their higher rates of incarceration and early death from murder.
An ethnic identity that can be either displayed or concealed depending on its usefulness in a given situation is called: situational ethnicity
What is the key distinction between symbolic ethnicity and situational ethnicity? Situational ethnicity involves a cost-benefit analysis that symbolic ethnicity does not.
A college professor who assigns a student a lower grade than she earned simply because of that student's race is guilty of: individual discrimination
The unequal treatment of individuals because of their social group is called: discrimination
A socially defined category, based on real or perceived biological differences between groups of people is called: race
The elements of our identity that are generated through others' perceptions of our physical traits are called: embodied identity
According to the text, what country is described as an example of successful multiculturalism? Canada
What process is the central idea behind America's "melting pot"? assimilation
The celebration of St. Patrick's day, including eating traditional Irish foods, would be an example of a: symbolic ethnicity
The economic and political domination and subjugation of a minority group by the controlling group within a nation is called: internal colonialism
In the early nineteenth century, the U.S. government forced Native Americans to move onto reservations. This is an example of: population transfer
A socially defined category based on common language, religion, nationality, history, or another cultural factor is called: ethnicity
The pattern of intergroup relations that encourages racial and ethnic variation within a society is called: pluralism
The Amish would be considered a/an: ethnic group
Light-skinned African Americans who attempt to live as white in order to avoid the consequences of being black in a racist society are practicing: racial passing
Conflict theory explains of how prejudice and discrimination develop by focusing on the differences in power and economic resources of ethnic groups. t/f true
The formal and legal separation of groups by race or ethnicity is called: segregation
______ is an ethnic identity that is only relevant on specific occasions and does not significantly impact everyday life. Symbolic ethnicity
_____ is a set of beliefs about the superiority of one racial or ethnic group. racism
______ is a thought process and _____ is an action prejudice vs discrimination
Created by: hkrawietz