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--Enzymes

Enzymes

QuestionAnswer
What are enzymes? plural of en·zyme Noun: A substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction
What do enzymes do? *Enhance Blood *Break Down Fats *Shed Excess Weight *Enhance Mental Capacity *Improve Aging Skin
Why are enzymes helpful? Without enzymes, our bodies would cease to exist.
Why are enzymes important? Enzymes are proteins that control the speed of chemical reactions in your body.
What would happen if we didn't have enzymes? Without enzymes, these reactions would take place too slowly to keep you alive.
Why are enzymes said to be specific? Enzymes are specific in that one enzyme molecule is capable of catalyzing only a single type of chemical reaction.
What are enzymes made of? Amino acids.
How many different types of enzymes are needed in the body? nearly 3,000
How many types of enzymes are present in the human body? 3
What are the three classes of enzymes? metabolic enzymes digestive enzymes food enzymes
what does the metabolic enzyme do? run our bodies
what does the digestive enzyme do? digest our food
what does the food enzyme do? start food digestion
Whats the purpose of an enzyme? The purpose of an enzyme in a cell is to allow the cell to carry out chemical reactions very quickly
Are enzymes proteins? yes.
what is the enzyme maltase? The enzyme maltase is shaped in such a way that it can break the bond and free the two glucose pieces.
People that are lactose intolerant means that? the enzyme needed to break down lactose isn't there
What is Proteases? A protease is any enzyme that can break down a long protein into smaller chains called peptides (a peptide is simply a short amino acid chain).
What is peptidases? Peptidases break peptides down into individual amino acids.
Where are Proteases and peptidases often found? Laundry Detergents
Define Lipases Lipases break down fats
Define Cellulases Cellulases break cellulose molecules down into simpler sugars. Bacteria in the guts of cows and termites excrete cellulases, and this is how cows and termites are able to eat things like grass and wood.
A set of 10 enzymes allows a cell to perform what? glycolysis.
Define Restriction enzymes Many bacteria are able to produce restriction enzymes, which recognize very specific patterns in DNA chains and break the DNA at those patterns
Define DNA-manipulation enzymes There are specialized enzymes that move along DNA strands and repair them
Created by: cpemberton96