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Year 10 Politics

Politics Revision

QuestionAnswer
What is politics? Politics is the study of the acquisition and application of power. It studies the way in which governments are formed and operate.
What is power? Power is the ability of one person to get another person to do something they would not otherwise do.
What is authority? Authority is the legitimate right to make political decisions. In a democracy, that right is granted by the people to the government.
What is a democracy? "Government of the people, by the people, for the people"
Where does democracy originate? Ancient Greece
Features of a democracy? Free and fair elections, secret ballot, a choice of political party, compulsory voting, majority rule, constitution, rule of law, citizen rights, separation of powers
What is Sovereignty? Sovereignty is the authority to rule over a particular area.
What is a federation? A federation is a country which joins under a constitution which states to have a federal government system.
When did the six Australian colonies federate? 1901
What were the constitutional conventions in the 1890s? They established the need for federation and set up the framework for this to occur. They were attended by official representatives from the Australian colonies.
What is a constitution? A constitution is a document in government which defines its structure, powers and procedures, and define's the rights and obligations of the states in relation to the Commonwealth.
What is a federal system of government? A federal system of government is a type of government where powers are divided into a central government and several regional governments.
How is the government separated? The government is separated into legislative, executive and judicial to guide the way the law is made and managed.
What is the legislative? the power to pass, amend and repeal laws. Parliament.
What is the executive? authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state bureaucracy. PM , GG , Parliament
What is the judicial? system of the courts - that interprets and applies the law of the states. High court.
Father of federation? Sir Henry Parkes
Why was the "Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900" passed in the UK? They'd just lost a civil war with America, and they didn't want to end up in another civil war with Australia.
First PM? Edmund Barton
First GG? Lord Hopetown
Current PM? Julia Gillard
Current GG? Quentin Bryce
Left Wing? A political system which states social justice through redistributive social and economic intervention by the state eg. communists, progressives, socialists
Right Wing? a political system which defends private property and capitalism eg. conservatives, libertarians, plutocrats, reactionaries, capitalists, monarchists, nationalists, facists
Socialism/Communism? a system of social organisation in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single and self-perpetuating political party eg china, vietnam
Is socialism/communism left wing or right wing? Left wing
Facism? a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry and commerce, and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism eg. Nazi Germany
Is facism left wing or right wing? Right wing
Junta? a small group ruling a country, especially immediately after a coupe detit and before a legally constituted government has been institutioned?
Constitution has how many sections? 128
5 federal powers? defence, currency, immigration, external affairs trade, pensions, weights/measures, marriage
5 state powers? public transport, schooling, hospitals, drinking age, traffic rules, land sales, zoning, drivers licence
What is the role of the Speaker and the President in parliament? keep order in the house
What is the role of the Prime Minister? must sit in house of reps, head of government
What is the role of the Leader of Opposition? must sit in house of reps, alternative PM.
Leader of Labour and their position? Julia Gillard - PM
Oldest political party? Labour party - formed in the 1890s
Labour left wing or right wing left wing
Leader of Liberal and their position Tony Abbott - Leader of the Opposition
Liberal left wing or right wing? right wing
Leader of Nationals and their position? Warren Truss - MHR
Nationals left wing or right wing? right wing
Leader of the Greens and their position? Bob Brown - MHR
What are independents? A member of parliament who doesn't belong to a political party. eg. Andrew Wilkey - Tas (ex greens) ; Bob Katter - Qld (ex nationals) ; Tony Windsor - NSW (ex nationals) ; Rob Oakshot - NSW (ex nationals)
How many seats in the HoR? 150
How many seats do a party need to win government? 76
What do the liberals and nationals have? a coalition (form a single government as they have similar views)
Why do states have different numbers of seats in the HoR? because the higher the population, the more seats they get
How many seats for each state in the Senate? 12
How many seats for each territory in the Senate? 2
How many seats in the Senate? 76
How are senators elected? Proportional voting
What is the role of the senate? to protect the interest of the smaller states, and for slow, careful examination of the legislations
Who can vote/stand for election? 18 + australian citizens
Why is voting compulsory? to protect the right to vote
Australia's head of state? Queen Elizabeth II
Representative of the queen in WA? Malcom Mccusker
Leader of Gov in WA? Colin Barnett - Liberal
Leader of Opposition in WA? Eric Ripper - Labour
HoR - What is preferential voting? numbering the people 1 onwards according to your preferences
An informal vote is... a vote with boxes blank
A donkey vote is... a vote where people just go down the page voting, not actually preferential
A formal vote is... a vote with all the boxes numbered.
To win your electorate you need a..? majority of votes
How big is an electorate? 100 000 people
A MHR term of office is how long? 3 years
What is a scrutineer? a representative that makes sure the votes are counted properly
What does it mean to declare the poll? declate the saturday in which every one needs to vote
A Senators office is how long? 6 years
Where would you find the usher of the black rod? Senate
Where would you find a Serjeant at arms? HoR
Where would you find a mace? HoR
Where would you find Hansard Reporters? Senate and HoR
Where would you find the PM? HoR
Where would you find the ministers? HoR
Where would you find the Returning Officer? election
Where would you find the ballot box? election - polling station
What are the stages of passing a law? first reading - second reading - committee stage - third reading - bill goes to upper house - royal assent
Created by: 1427354835