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Tavel Gov't Terms 7t

Government Terms for Tavel's Class 7th

a form of government in which power is held by one central authority – Unitary
government by religious leaders Theocracy
voluntary associations of independent states that, for a common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their freedom of action, and establish a weak central authority to hold the association together – Confederation
government in which one person possesses unlimited power gained through heredity – Absolute Monarchy
a form of government in which power is divided/shared between one central and several regional authorities Federal
government in which one person possesses unlimited power and the citizen has little if any role Autocracy
government by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control, especially for corrupt and selfish purposes. The citizen has a very limited role – Oligarchy
government in which one person possesses unlimited power which is not hereditary, but usually gained through force Dictatorship
a government in which the supreme power is held by the people and exercised by them either directly by voting or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections – Democracy
a government where the people have the power and use it to elect officials who will make decisions for them in the government. Citizens can also remove these officials – Representative Democracy
the real executive power held by a cabinet made of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature. A Prime Minister is elected by the legislature, and still part of it as well – Parliamentary Democracy
a country which has a representative democracy – Republic
a country which has a federal system of distributing power Federation
a system of government in which the chief executive is constitutionally independent of the legislature and directly elected by the citizens – Presidential Democracy
a parliamentary system whose chief executive is called a Prime Minister, and a constitutional monarch with only ceremonial power. Has a unitary system of distributing power. Citizens vote, and have all modern rights and freedoms. – the United Kingdom
a parliamentary system whose prime minister is called a Chancellor, and a ceremonial President. Is a federal system of distributing power. The role of the citizen is to vote, and citizens have all modern rights and freedoms. Germany
a federal system with a presidential democracy and a premier/prime minister appointed by the elected president. Citizens vote, but not fairly -no press freedom. The people are partly free. The real situation is that Putin has most of the power. Russia
has a parliamentary system with a prime minister as the chief executive, but also has a ceremonial president. The parliament is called the Knesset. Citizens vote and have basic rights and freedoms. Israel
an absolute monarchy, although the King has to uphold the sharia laws from the Qur’an and act with general agreement from the royal family and high religious leaders. Citizens tho promised limited elections in future, obey and aren't free Saudi Arabia
a theocratic republic with a presidential system based on Islam with shared power between various councils, the President and the religious Supreme Leader/Ayatollah. The Supreme Leader, appointed by one of the councils, has final say on all matters. Iran (Citizens vote for the directly for president and , not freely or fairly, and for the legislature. They are not free.)
Created by: tavell