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CH4 Anatomy

Chapter 4 Anatomy Test

Epithelial Connective Muscle Nervous 4 types of tissues?
Physical Protection Control Permeability Function of the Epithelial Tissue?
Found lining the inside and outside of most body structures. Location of the Epithelial Tissue
found in regions where secretion or absorption occurs. Simple cells are found where?
found in areas subject to mechanical or chemical stresses. Stratified cells are usually found where?
Squamos Flat and round
Columnar Tall and rectangular
round and flat Simple Squamos cells are ______ and ______.
Simple Squamos Location:Found in the lining of vessels; lining of body cavities; alveoli of lungs. Function: Controls Vessel Permeability.
Stratified Squamos Location:Surface of skin; lining of gastrointestinal tract; and vagina. Function: physical protection against abrasion, pathogens, and chemical attack.
Simple Columnar Tall and rectangular Location: lining of stomach, intestines, lungs Function: protection, secretion and absorption
Goblet Cell Secretes Mucus
Stratified Columnar Multilayered; Rare Very large air ducts and part of male urethra.
Simple Cubodial Location: Lines tubes of kidney Function: Absorption or secretion
Stratified Cubodial Multilayered; rare Only found in sweat gland ducts and male urethra.
Connective Tissue binds,supports,protects,fills spaces,stores fat,produces blood cells,protects against infection, and repairs tissue damage.
Adipose Tissue Stores Fat Location: Found beneath the skin, around joints, padding internal organs. Function: Reduces heat loss, energy storage and protection.
Fibrous Binds tissue together.
Tendons Connects muscle to bone.
Ligaments Connects bone to bone.
Cartilage Supports and cushions Location: Joints, nose, ears,trachea No blood vessels or nerves so repair is very slow.
Bone supports,muscle attachment,body form,produces blood cells,stores minerals.
Chondrocytes (Cartilage Cells) sit in spaces called lacunae
Osteocytes bone cells, lie within lacunae and are arranged in concentric circles (osteons),around osteotonic canals (blood vessels) interconnected by canaliculi
Blood Carries nutrients,wastes,oxygen,carbon dioxide, fights infection.
Plasma fluid part of blood, carries dissolved substances and blood cells
Platelets or Thrombocytes aid in clotting
Erythorocytes Red blood cells(RBC's) small bioconcave discs, no nucleus when mature carry oxygen with hemoglobin
Luekocytes White Blood Cells (WBC's) Fight infections
Lymphocyte single nucleus, clear cytoplasm, mature and immature, produce antibodies, 20-35%
Neutrophil Multinucleate, clear cytoplasm, phagocytic 60-70%
Eosinophil Multinucleate, orange granular cytoplasm, 1-3%
Basophil Multinucleate, purple granular cytoplasm, 0-3%
Monocyte large, single nucleus, granular cytoplasm 3%
Muscle Tissue Primary function is to contract Secondary Functions: Work with bones to produce movement, Produce heat, support.
Skelatal Voluntary, Striated Multinucleated Cells Many Striations
Caridac Heart Single Nucleus, Striations, Intercalated Discs
Smooth involuntary single nucleus, no striations Location: Esophagus, stomach, intestine, blood vessels
Nerve Tissue Receives, interprets and reacts to stimuli.
Neuron nerve cell
Dendrites carry messages toward cell body
Axon carries messages away from cell body
Synapse chemical bridge between neurons
Organ groups of tissues with a common function
System Groups of organs with a common function.
Created by: erikmurphy