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EKG class Junior

drugs

QuestionAnswer
To who is given Oxygen? To patients with acute chest pain that may be due to cardiac ischemia, hypoxemia, and cardiopulmonary arrest.
How is oxygen administered? by the use of masks and nasal cannulas.
Epinephrine Indicated in the management of cardiac arrest.
Isoproterenol (Isuprel) produces an overall increase in the heart rate and the myocardical contractility.
Dopamine (Intropin) indicated for significant hypotension in the absence of hypovolemia.
Beta Blockers: Propranolol, Metoprolol, Atenolol,and Esmolol Reduce heart reate, blood pressure, myocardial oxygen consumption which makes them effective in the treatment of angina peactoris and hypertension.
side effects of beta blockers Hypotension, congestive heart failure, and broncho-spasm.
Lidocaine drug of choice for the suppression of ventricular ectopy, including ventricular tachycardia and ventricular flutter.
Overdose of Lidocaine neurological changes, myocardial depression, and circulatory depression.
Verapamil used in the treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), effective in terminating more than 90% of episodes of PVST in adults and infants
Digitalis increases the force of cardiac contraction as well as cardiac output.. Digitalis toxicity is common with an incidence of up to 20%
Morphine Sulfate It is the traditional drug of choice for the pain and anxiety associated with acute myocardial infarction
Nitroglycerin powerful smooth muscle relaxant effective in relieving angina pectoris. It is effective for both exertional and rest angina
side effects of Nitroglycerin Headaches and hypotension.
side effect of digitalis yellow vision, nausea, vomiting, and drowsiness.
side effects of Verapamil hypotension
Morphine Sulfate abusive side effects respiratory depression, tendency to abuse, and addiction.
Created by: sweetnance