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Chemistry of Life

review basic chemistry terms

QuestionAnswer
Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom smallest unit of matter
Element substance made up of only one kind of atom
Compound Made of two or more elements bonded together
Molecule group of atoms held together by the energy of chemical bonds
Glucose and oxygen The products of photosynthesis
Carbon Dioxide, water, ATP The products of cellular respiration
ATP What cells use for energy transfer
Carbohydrates supply energy for cell processes
Lipids Store and release large amounts of energy
Proteins An organic compound that is the building block of many cellular structures
Nucleic Acids store important coded information
Amino Acids What proteins are made up of
Mitochondrion Where Cellular Respiration occurs
Chloroplasts Where photosynthesis occurs in plant cells (leaves)
Phospholipids What the double layer cell membrane is made up of.
DNA A special nucleic acid that contains the information that cells need to make molecules such as proteins.
Homeostasis The process of maintaining a stable internal equilibrium
Diffusion Movement of substances form a high concentration gradient to a lower gradient (cell membrane )
Passive transport Movement of substances through the cell membrane without the use of energy (Osmosis)
Osmosis Movement of substances across a semi-permeable membrane
Active transport Movement of substances through the plasma membrane without the use of energy (Osmosis)
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen The four main elements of nearly all living things
Created by: thompsonv