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5A

Aldehydes and Ketones

QuestionAnswer
Aldehydes and ketones contain the characteristics of carbonyl group
the aldehyde group is often written as CHO
the Ketone group is often written as CO
when naming aldehydes you add what suffix -al
What is the most common aromatic aldehyde Benzaldehyde
dialdehydes are named adding the suffix... dial
when naming ketones you add what suffix -one
Aldehydes and ketones contain the characteristics of carbonyl group
the aldehyde group is often written as CHO
the Ketone group is often written as CO
when naming aldehydes you add what suffix -al
What is the most common aromatic aldehyde Benzaldehyde
dialdehydes are named adding the suffix... dial
3 naturally occuring aldehydes and ketones -one
What are 2 common names of ketones Acetone & Methyl ethyl ketone
what kind of carbon is sp2 hybridized with one pi bond and 3 sigma bonds carbonyl
what can undergo hydrogen bonding resulting in HIGHER boiling points and HIGHER solubility Alcohols
What cant under go hydrogen bonding resulting in LOWER boiling points and LOWER solubility Aldehydes and ketones
fehling test uses ____________ acid to complex Cu2+ tartaric
name 3 naturally occurring aldehydes and ketones glucose ribose fructose
what easily under goes oxidation aldehydes
what is much more difficult to oxidize ketones
fehling blue -> brick-red
aldehydes can be identified using the ___________ test tollen
benedict blue -> brick-red
ag+ tollens
all three tests give a ___________ test result for aldehydes positive
cu2+ fehling and benedict
all three tests give a ____________ test result for ketones negative
The aldehyde group is oxidized to a ________ acid by cu2+ Carboxylic
aldehydes and ketones are easily reduced to alcohols
fehling test uses ____________ acid to complex Cu2+ tartaric
Benedict test uses ______ acid citric
ketones yield secondary alcohols
tollens silver mirror
fehling blue -> brick-red
benedict blue -> brick-red
all three tests give a ___________ test result for aldehydes positive
all three tests give a ____________ test result for ketones negative
aldehydes and ketones are easily reduced to alcohols
aldehydes yield primary alcohols
ketones yield secondary alcohols
Pyruvic acid is ____________ to lactic acid in muscle cells and then lactic acid is _______________ reduced Oxidized
aldehydes react with alcohols and a trace of acid to yield hemiacetals
in a strong acid aldehydes or hemiacetals react with a second molecule of the alcohol to yield an acetal
cyclic hemiacetals or hemiketals can form when the ______ and ____________ group exist within the same molecule alcohol & carbonyl
what is used in manufacturing polymers, fumigation, and preserving biological specimens formaldehyde
what is used as an intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals such as acetic acid acetaldehyde
list 5 common uses of formaldehyde furniture, flooring, stairs, and cabinets cars and trucks inks wrinkle free clothing wood products industry
acetone and mek are widely used solvents used in ..... and ......... industry & research laboratories
what is used as an indicator of diabetes acetone
Created by: Katiejean