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Pharm Test 3 Drugs

drugs for test 3

QuestionAnswer
donepezil ACh inhibitor; used for the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease
galantamine ACh inhibitor; used for the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease
rivastigmine ACh inhibitor; used for the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease
memantine NMDA antagonists; used for the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease
L-dopa/Carbidopa increase dopamoine synthesis; Treatment of Parkinson's Disease
Rasagiline MOA-B inhibitor; treatment of Parkinson's disease
Apomorphine dopamine receptor agonist; treatment of Parkinson's disease
Tolcapone/Entacapone COMT inhibitor; treatment of Parkinson's Diseas
Selegiline MOA-B inhibitor--low dosage is for treatment of Parkinson's Disease MOA-A inhibitor; large doses used for treatment of depression
amantadine NMDA antagonist; treatment of Parkinson's disease and Influenza A (uncoating and release inhibitor)
chlorpromazine typical antipsychotic; treatment of schizophrenia
fluphenazine typical antipsychotic; treatment of schizophrenia
haloperidol typical antipsychotic; treatment of schizophrenia and behavioral syndromes accompanied by motor disturbances
clozapine atypical antipsychotic; treatment of schizophrenia
risperidone atypical antipsychotic; treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
lithium first-line/standard treatment for bioplar disorder
valproate anticonvulsant; treatment of seizures and bipolar disorder
carbamezepine anticonvulsant; treatment of seizures and bipolar disorder
lamotrigine anticonvulsant; treatment of seizures and bipolar disorder
amitriptline tricyclic antidepressant (TCA); treatment of depression
bupropion atypical antidepressant; treatment of depression
mirtazapine atypica depressant; treatment of depression and insomnia
venlafaxine 5-HT/NE reuptake inhibitor (SRNI) treatment of depression
fluoxetine serotonin selective reuptake inhibitor (SSRI); treatment of depression
paroxetine serotonin selective reuptake inhibitor (SSRI); treatment of depression
sertraline serotonin selective reuptake inhibitor (SSRI); treatment of depression
alprazolam benzodiazepine (anxiolytic); treatment of anxiety
diazepam benzodiazepine (anxiolytic); treatment of anxiety and skeletal muscle relaxtion and status epiepticus
buspirone non-benzodiazepine (anxiolytic); treatment of anxiety
propranolol non-benzodiazepine (anxiolytic (copletivitie Beta 1 and beta 2 blocker); treatment of performance anxiety
flumazenil benzodiazepine receptor antagonist
temazepam benzodiazepine for insomina
zaleplon non-benzodiazepine receptor agonist for insomnia (NBRAs)
zolpidem non-benzodiazepine receptor agonist for insomnia (NBRAs)
ramelteon melatonin receptor agonists for insomnia
phenytoin antiseizure drug
valproc aicd antiseizure drug
phenobarbital barbiurate; antiseizure drug
felbamate glutamate receptor inhibitor; antiseizure drug
d-tuoburarine non-depolarizing; nicotinic antagonists; NM blocker; skeletal muscle relaxer
succinylcholine depolarizing; nicotinic antagonists; NM blocker; skeletal muscle relaxer
botulinum toxin motor nerve blocker; skeletal muscle relaxer
baclofen gaba analogue; skeletal muscle relaxer
cyclobenzaprine skeletal muscle relaxer
tizanidine alpha 2 agonists; skeletal muscle relaxer
dantrolene skeletal muscle relaxer
oseltamivir uncoating and release inhibitor; treatment of influenza A & B
acyclovir dna replication inhibitor, purine derivatives; Treatment of Herpes simplex virus (HSV-1 & HSV-2), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, infectious mononucleosis); Varicella-zoster virus (VZV, chickenpox); Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
zidovudine RNA replication inhibitors Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors Treatment OF HIV-1, HIV-2, Cytomegalovirus CMV (some)
nevirapine RNA replication inhibitors Non-nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors Treatment of HIV-1
saquinavir RNA replication inhibitors Protease inhibitors: Peptidomimetics Treatment of HIV-1/2
cyclophosphamide Alkylating agents: Nitrogen Mustards Cell Cycle Nonspecific Drugs Treatment of Cancer: Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Breast, Ovarian
methotrexate Antimetabolites: Folate antagonists Cell Cycle Specific Drugs Treatment of Cancer: Acute Lymphatic Leukemia, CNS leukemia (IT), Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia, Breast, : Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
vincristine Natural Products--Microtubule inhibitor Cell Cycle Specific Drugs Treatment of Cancer: Huntington's Disease, : Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Brain, Acute Lymphatic Leukemia
trastuzumab Monoclonal antibodies Treatment of cancer: Breast (25% 1o tumors, HER2 overexpress), Prostate, Pancreatic, Lung, Ovarian
imatinib Protein-tyrosine kinase inhibitors Treatment of cancer: Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (Ph+), Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor, Acute Lymphatic Leukemia (Ph+),
penicillin G Inhibitors of cell wall synthesis Therapeutic Use (Narrow Spectrum): Penicillin G – Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria gonorrhea, Peptococcus magnus, Clostridium perfringens, Trepnema pallidum
piperacillin Inhibitors of cell wall synthesis Therapeutic Use (Broad Spectrum, > G-): Piperacillin – Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria gonorrhea, Haemophilus influenzae, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Morganella morganii, Citrobacter freundii, etc..
cefazolin Inhibitors of cell wall synthesis Therapeutic Use (1st Generation): Cefazolin – MSSA, MSSE, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae
cefeprime Inhibitors of cell wall synthesis Therapeutic Use (4th Generation): Cefepime (gram -) – As 1st Generation, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Proteus vulgaris, Serratia marcescens, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Pseudomonas aeroginosa, etc..
vancomycin Inhibitors of cell wall synthesis Therapeutic UseGram (+) – MRSA, MRSE, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Enterococcus faecalis, Clostridium difficile
gentamicin Inhibitors of protein synthesis Therapeutic Use – G- aerobes: Francisella tularensis, Klebsiella pneumoniae + Piperacillin, Enterococcus fecaelis + Ampicillin, Streptococcus agalactiae + Ampicillin
azithromycin Inhibitors of protein synthesis Therapeutic Use Respiratory Tract Infections – Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae , Moraxella catarrhalis, Legionella pneumophila , Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare
sulfamethozazole + trimethoprim Antimetabolites Therapeutic Use (UTI treatment) – Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Legionella pneumophilia, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella typhi, Shigella dysenteriae, Pneumocystis jiroveci
levofloxacin Inhibitors of DNA gyrase Therapeutic Use – Streptococcus pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Bacillus anthracis, Haemophilus influenzae, Legionella pneumophilia, Proteus mirabilis, Shigella dysenteriae,
Created by: 50106362