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Science Skill #1

Various Topics

System A group of parts that work together as a whole.
Energy The ability to do work.
Atmosphere Air. (Gases)
Geosphere Land. (Rock)
Hydrosphere Water.
Biosphere Life. (Animals, trees, etc.)
Constructive Force Forces that construct, or build up, the Earth's surface.
Destructive Force Forces that destruct, or break down the surface of the Earth.
Seismic Wave Waves that are caused by Earthquakes.
Pressure Force pressing on an area.
Crust The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer skin.
Basalt A dark, fine grained rock that the oceanic crust is mainly composed of.
Granite A light, coarse grained rock that the continental crust is composed of.
Mantle A layer of rocks that is about 3,000 kilometers thick. It is the middle of the Earth and is composed of many different layers.
Lithosphere The Uppermost layer of the Mantle and includes part of the Upper Mantle and all of the Crust.
Astenosphere The Upper Mantle and the Middle Mantle.
Mesosphere The lower Mantle.
Outer Core A layer of molten metal outlining the inner core. 2400 km.
Inner Core A solid dense ball of solid metal. 1200 km.
Radiation The transfer of Energy that is carried in rays like light.
Convection Heat transfer from the movement of a fluid.
Conduction Heat transfer between materials that are touching.
Density A measure of how much mass is in an object.
Convection Current The flow that transfers heat within a fluid. (heating and cooling of a fluid, changes in the fluid's density, and the force of gravity.)
Created by: victoriags