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Joints for anatomy


what does synarthroris stand for fibrous joints
what is the movement of the fibrous join immovable
where are the fibrous joints found between the cranal bones, teeth, epitleseal plates
what does amphiarthrosis stand for cartilaginous joints
what is the movement of the cartilaginous joint slightly movable
where the is the cartilaginous joint found the intervertable joints, pubic sumphysis, tiblia, fibula
what does diarthrosis stand for the synovial joints
what is the movement of the synovial joint freely movable
where is the synovial joint found the hip, knee, phalanges
what is the movement of the gliding joint sliding or twisting
where is the location of the gliding joint between the carpels, tarsals, ribs 2-7/ sternum
what is the movement of the hinge joint flexion and extension
where is the location of the hinge joint elbow and phalanges
what is the movement of the pivot joint rotation around a central axis
where is the location of the pivot joint proxmial ends of radius and ulna and atlas and axis
what is the movement of the condyloid joint differnt planes but no rotation, flexion extension, adduction, abduction,circumduction
where the is location of the condyloid joint metacarpels, phalange joints
what is the movement of the saddle joint variety of movements flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, circumduction
where is the location of the saddle joint carpel, metalcarpals of thumb
reduced angle between bones flexion
increased angle between bones extension
excess extension at joint hyperextension
foot bending up toward skin dorsiflexion
foot bending downward plantar flexion
moving away from the midline abdcution
moving toward the midline adduction
movement around an axis roation
movement so that the end follows a circular path circumduction
turning hand palm down pronation
turning hand palm up supination
foot so sole is outward eversion
foot so sole is inward inversion
moving a part forward protraction
moving a part backward retraction
raising a part elevation
lowering a part depression
disorders...pain in joint rheumatisum
disorders...degenerative derioration of articular cartilage and spur formation usally 60+ osteoarthritis
disorders...sodium urate crystals depoisted in articular cartilage golity arthritis
disorders...degenerative autoimmue disease-immune system attacks joint tissue, infammation of synovial membrane rheumatoid arthritis
disorders...bacteria carried by a tick lyme disease
disorders...pressure on the medial nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel in writs carpal tunnel
weakned ligaments and tendons in foot flatfooted
tearing ligaments tendons and capsules bone displacement disiocation
Created by: katercheers